In the Bible, I suppose?
There are a few important female figures in the Bible, so I can think of the Old Testament: Deborah (Book of Judges) and Ruth (own book).It is probably significant that the account of Deborah is probably one of the earliest traditions found in the Hebrew Bible (the song of Deborah is probably the earliest text of the Bible in linguistic terms alone).
But: as a rule, women in the Bible are people who men have to take care of and in whose possession they are.A historical attempt at explanation, which i can see, is as follows: ancient Israel, whose echo is handed down to us in the Old Testament, lay in the arc of tension of the ancient fertile crescent, between the two ancient high cultures of Mesopotamia and Egypt. References to Mesopotamia are abounding in the Bible: two of the rivers of paradise, the flood myth, that of the tower of Babel, Abraham came from Ur in Chaldea, other geographical names… The archfathers/patriarchs, that is Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Esau, move as nomads between holy places: their wives are endangered: Abraham and Isaac once spend their wives as their sister when a king desires them, Hagar’s violation (a central Myth in Islam), Jacob’s daughter Dina is raped by the King of Shemem. There’s more, but I’ll leave it at that…
The point is: this nomadic horizon is probably not an autochgun, but influenced by the Mesopotamian kingdoms.Abraham, as I said, came in the tradition itself from the city-state Ur – nomads, these were the desert peoples, which were a problem for the Statdt states (in Mesopotamia there was for them, among other things, the name Habiru, probably cognitive with Hebrews), and to whom probably also often indebted Mesopotamian peasants who wanted to escape enslavement or, rather, who wanted to prevent their wives and daughters from being enslaved to pay their debts. For this was a great social scourge in ancient Mesopotamia, which already took place in Sumer in the 3rd millennium BC. in the earliest historical sources, women have a very different, much more public position, were priests, employed as scribes and administrators, the sexual act was something sacred – hence the “temple prostitution” of Babylon, see also the role of chamhat in the Gilgamesh epic; there are even signs of polyandry (a woman married with several men) – but that tipped when women were increasingly forced into guilt slavery after crop failures, and they became something to protect, withdrawn into the household. On the streets of Assyria and Babylon, it was the *right* of a married woman to disguise herself, slaves were not allowed to!
It is this conception of gender that is reflected in the Bible and which basically influences us to this day.