Both the Allied and German paratroopers used round caps parachutes.The parachutes of the Allies used four main carrier belts, as did modern parachutes, while the German parachute had only one main harness. The Allied skydivers also sat upright on the seat belt, while the main harness of the German parachute was fastened in the middle of the back between the shoulder blades, thus the skydiver hung in a forward-bent posture. When landing, he had to make a roll forward, which was often associated with injuries, even though the paratroopers were wearing knee guards and gloves. Weapons larger than a pistol could not be carried because they greatly increased the risk of injury. They were dropped separately in containers that had yet to be found by the paratroopers.
Due to the fact that the main strap was attached behind the back, the German paratrooper could not reach the belt.The Allies were able to pull over their shoulders on the front skin straps and thus control the parachute to a limited extent.
The harness of the German parachute was closed with normal belt buckles (like a trouser belt), while the allied parachutes had quick-release fasteners that could also be opened while lying down.The German paratrooper had to get up to be able to take off the parachute, he usually drowned when he landed in the water.
The Allied parachutes had seat belts under the buttocks on which the skydiver sat during the flight, while the German paratrooper hung in his, very high-mounted, belly belt.
The only advantage that the German paratrooper parachute had was that it had a shorter opening time than that of the Allies, so that the paratroopers could be dropped from a lower altitude, which reduced the enemy’s shelling.
By the way, the Air Force had a much better parachute as a rescue parachute for the aircraft crews.
Here is a photo showing a German paratrooper hanging under his parachute:
Paratrooper (and boxer) Max Schmeling:
You can see the cumbersome method of tying the harness together.
here as well:
Try to get out of the harness quickly in the water or under fire!
Here is the British X-Type Mk1 parachute of the same time:
See the quick release in the middle of the crossed chest straps.
You just have to turn the button, then it goes up.
(Image of British Airborne Type X Parachute )