It is difficult to find a reasonably rational explanation for this crime, which is so enormous in its scale and brutality.
Of course, the calamity began with anti-Semitism, which was also subliminal or open lyrised in Germany long before the Nazis seized power.
But that alone does not explain why this enormous excess occurred, because anti-Semitism was (and is, as we are unfortunately experiencing at the moment!) more or less widespread in all European countries.
France, for example, had the Dreyfusaffair, which was clearly anti-Semitic, and the word “pogrom” does not come from Russian by chance.
Hitler himself was, of course, an ardent anti-Semit.Where this anti-Semitism originally came from is still speculated about today. Undoubtedly, the nationalist circles in which Hitler moved between the world wars were strongly anti-Semitic.
Then came the crude myth of the “Aryan man” that the Nazis had made together from pseudo-scientific “evidence”, intertwined with a lot of Nordic chatter and clandestine esotericism.In the 1920s there were many esoteric circles that strayed into these abysses in their search for meaning.
Hitler and especially Himmler were extremely vulnerable to this, they probably believed in this nonsense as the only ones of the early Nazi leadership.
After the seizure of power, it quickly became clear that the Nazis would really take action against the Jews, which many German Jews had not thought possible until it was too late for them.
But the Holocaust was still a long way off.Hitler wanted to “get rid” of the Jews, on the one hand, in order to guarantee the “purity” of the Aryan blood, but on the other hand it was quickly discovered that above all the many wealthy German Jews could be plundered well. Their possessions were confiscated or they were forced to sell it to Nazis for ridiculous prices.
Unfortunately, many of their non-Jewish fellow citizens also stood out here by taking advantage of this opportunity to get cheap works of art, jewellery or real estate…
It quickly became clear to the Nazis that it would take a long time to make Germany “Jew-free”, the first crates were set up to speed things up and have more control.
Then, with the invasion of Poland and later France and the USSR, the real misfortune began.
Poland in particular had a large Jewish population, and of course the conquered territories should all become “Jew-free” as soon as possible.
Since it was impossible and wanted to transport the many people, the great murder began.The first “operational groups” of the SS, Wehrmacht units and even civilian police followed the advancing German troops on their feet and began to exterminate the non-Aryan population: Jews, gypsies, who ever had the misfortune to fall into this category and could not be used for slave labour in the Reich.
Soon the problems of this method became apparent: it was too slow, it took far too long to shoot tens of thousands of people… moreover, it quickly became apparent that even the most bruised Nazis could often only bear the whole thing drunk… Himmler himself had to surrender more than once during visits to kzes.
So another method of annihilating these people was needed to kill more people more quickly.
The first tests began with mobile gasification systems, basically converted buses, whose passenger compartment had been sealed, in order to be able to discharge the engine exhaust gases and thereby poison the victims.
Again, it turned out that this method still had too many disadvantages.The deaths of people from the exhaust gases took a long time, there were not enough buses available and the “disposal” of the corpses was also an unresolved problem.
Mass graves were expensive, and some of those responsible certainly wavered that they were able to find out the extent of the murder, which was definitely tried to prevent.
For the murderers it was clear: as close-to-local facilities were needed as possible for the killing and disposal of the corpses, the whole thing had to take place quickly and with the participation of as few people as possible with as few traces as possible.
A rational, engineering analysis, which then led to the Wannsee Conference in January 1942.There, the course was finally set, which made the Holocaust a crime that is probably unique in human history.
The system of extermination camps, especially in the east, was planned and decided upon.Under the direction of the SS-Obergruppenf眉hrer Reinhard Heydrich, the technical details of the transport, the gasification, the burning of the corpses in crematoria were removed on site and other details such as the populations to be destroyed and the sequence of annihilation.
Thus the Holocaust was inevitable.Never before had such industrialized extermination of millions of people been planned, let alone carried out.
In the end, millions of people were dead, but the number is not the worst.
Anyone who has never visited an extermination camp like Auschwitz cannot even imagine the sheer horror of industrialized killing of people, despite all the images and films.
I have to admit that tears ran down my face at Auschwitz, and I am usually not someone crying in front of other people, certainly not in public.I still have a lump in my neck when I think of this experience.
Only here, in the worst extermination camp of the Nazis, did I realize that it was purely “practical” considerations that led to the then only “consistent” industrialization of the killing machine of the Nazis.