Thanks to Rene Schreiber for the A2A.
why?Two words: Arthur Zimmermann. [1
The German Empire could well have won World War I if the United States had not entered.Russia was defeated in 1917, and German and k.u.K. troops from the East could be moved to the West. These would have been enough to defeat the Western Front.
The Allies France and Great Britain were already overwhelmed, and the first mutinies broke out in the French army in 1917. [2 There was a great deal of serious concern among the British that the many Irish who were still part of the British Expeditionary Force were also mutinous — after all, the uprising in Dublin was crushed in 1916. [3 The Americans arrived just in time to prevent the collapse.Had they not been there, the German breakthrough would have been only a matter of time.
The US at the time was anything but anti-German.On the contrary, by far the largest immigration group in the US were Germans. [4 In most major cities, German-language newspapers were among the market leaders, such as the New York State Newspaper[5) or the Philadelphia Democrat. [6 There was an old hostility towards Britain — after all, there were two wars against Britain, and the British partly supported the southern states in the Civil War.It was therefore quite possible that the United States would stay out of the war or even go to war on the side of the Tri-League[7 andof the Central Powers[8.
But the Empire made the two serious mistakes:
- Despite protests from the US, Germany has reintroduced unrestricted submarine warfare against neutral ships in the Atlantic. [9 Several American ships were sunk.
Worse still, the Reich first responded to the criticism and ended politics, but introduced it again in December 1916.
The content of the telegram was explosive, to say the least.
Here is the text that was deciphered by the British secret service and passed on to the Americans:
We intend to start the first of February unrestricted submarinewar.
Attempts will be made to keep America neutral. In the event that this does not succeed, we propose an alliance to Mexico on the following basis. Joint warfare. Joint peace. Plenty of financial support and agreement from us that Mexico is reclaiming previously lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona. regulation in detail to your high-welfare birth.Your high-level president wants to open top secret once the outbreak of war with the United States is established, and to add suggestions to invite Japan to join immediately on its part, while mediating between us and Japan. Please point out to Presidents that reckless use of our submarines now offers the prospect of forcing England to peace in a few months. Confirm receipt.
The German Foreign Minister, said zimmermann, thus promised the Mexicans big territorial gains in the south-west of the USA by joining the side of the Central Powers and declaring war against the UNITED States.This is how the map should have looked like, according to this dispatch:
The British forwarded the dispatch[10 to the American press, but the content was so incredible that almost no one in the US believed that it was really real.
Most newspapers dismissed it as badly made British propaganda. It was only when Zimmermann confirmed in an interview on 3 March 1917 that the dispatch was correct — “I cannot deny it, it is true” — and again spoke of it in a speech before the Rich Day on 29 March 1917, only then was it taken seriously by the Americans.
Zimmermann believed that he could convince the Americans that this was not meant in such a way that it was only a safeguard against the entry of the United States into war.But this was hardly an understandable political position, especially after submarines sank American ships again from February 1, 1917, despite threats of war from the United States. Consequently, the United States declared war against Germany on April 6, 1917, with a vote in Congress — 82 to 6 in the Senate, 373 to 50 in the House of Commons. [11 The little resistance that still existed was in the states of the Midwest — where the Germans made up the majority.
In the hysteria afterwards, several German surnames, newspapers, books and so on disappeared.Sauerkraut became liberty cabbage, Frankfurter sausages became hot dogs, meatloaf (false hare) suddenly became “English” and was called Salisbury steak, Hamburg steak and hamburger steak became liberty steak, Dachshunds are called liberty pups, German Shepherds became Alsatians, smearcase (smear cheese) was cottage cheese and and and and.Some of these euphemisms survive to this day, and German culture has been more or less masked in the US that Germans no longer recognize it as “German” — even though it is of German origin.
You owe all this to Kaiser Wilhelm and Arthur Zimmermann.;P
Since there have been claims here and elsewhere that the US was hostile to Germany from the beginning, one only has to look at the order and time span of the events of 1915-1917:
- Sinking Lusitania: 7.
So if the Lusitania was really casus belli, it is very strange that a good year and a half passed in between…