But it is important to note that there is destruction by bombing and fighting.The bombing of German cities initially had the task of destroying (militaryly important) infrastructure. But the concept, which then became dominant, goes back to the military theorist Carl v. Clausewitz. It is about breaking the will and courage of the opponent through, yes, terror. During the First World War, for example, there were rather rude instructions to the German occupiers in Belgium, for example, to rigorously respond to any burgeoning resistance with terror (arrests and arresting, but also the burning of the famous University Library of Leuven based on thisconcept) . Wiki: During the First World War, the library became a robbery of the flames on the night of August 25-26, 1914, when German troops burned down about one-sixth of all buildings in the town of Leuven, which they occupied on August 19.The trigger for this destruction action was that shots were fired in the city; these were attributed to irregular snipers.
In this way, an attempt has been made to shorten the war by demoralising the population.(Little by little, however, it became apparent that this did not work out, because such a population affected by terror is in solidarity with the government and not with the opponents who destroy their livelihoods. To be understood from a number of examples up to the bombing war in the Kosovo conflict in 1999.) This primarily affected cities in western and northern Germany, because they were already accessible at the beginning of the war. It was only through the development of additional tanks for the escort hunters that southern Germany and Berlin became accessible.
The statistics (see above) are mostly about the destruction of housing.The destruction of inner cities is probably more consequential, because they change the face of a city (Dresden). The ugly residential areas on the outskirts of the city can also stop. Therefore, smaller cities are more existentially affected than large cities (except Cologne, Hamburg, Berlin). The poor relationship between rented and own housing in Europe is the result of the destruction of housing in the war (and the re-establishment by the public authorities).