I thought that this question could be the easiest answer if we looked at the ethnic diversity within the countries of Europe.It should be noted that there is a difference between the origins of diversity in Western Europe compared to Eastern Europe. The diversity in Western Europe is mainly caused by the colonial past of many countries and immigration from Asia and Africa in particular, while the diversity in Eastern Europe is more likely to be found in internal migration within Europe and borders that are not entirely The dissemination of ethnicities.
In 2003, James D. Fearon published a list where all the countries of the world were ranked on a scale of 0 to 1 to the extent of ethnic diversity. [1 It could be observed from this list that in Western Europe the most ethnically diverse countries were Switzerland and Belgium with scores of 0.596 and 0.575.In Eastern Europe, with a score of 0.681, Bosnia had the highest diversity, while the Baltic States also scored high.
It is striking that Europe is relatively homogeneous compared to other regions of the world. That is also to be noticed from this map of the Washington Post which expressed the homogeneity in the world by country.
Firstly, most European nations exist as one nation by nationalism, because their ancestors all lived in the same country.
Originally, there were all regional identities, but these were all united in the 19th century in a national sense.
Catalan, Galician or Castilliaan?All Spaniards.
Venetian, Liguriaan or Napoli taan?All Italians.
Fries, Brabander or Zeeuw?All Dutchman.
Bavariaan, Saks or Rijnlander?All Germans.
French and English were even much longer cultural and administrative centralised.
In any case, there are so nationle identities and cultures emerged, larger than in developing countries where one still lives in tribes and is pronounced part of their tribe for their country as a whole.This is not because we are genetically homogeneised than those countries, especially since the migrants, but because we are culturally united.
But which country is the most “diverse”?Netherlands? No. France? No. United Kingdom? No. Belgium? No either!
The answer is, however strange it sounds, Montenegro.
Montenegro is only 43% Montenegrin, and therefore the only country in Europe where there is no ethnicity in the majority. Even in the multilingual Switzerland and Belgium respectively, the Swiss Germans and Flemings are a majority, where Montenegro does not actually have a majority.
However much we have imported into Western Europe, Montenegro is actually the most multicultural country in Europe.
Multicultural assumes cultural diversity and equivalence, simply looking at ethnicity is not enough.Indeed, the most ethnically diverse country in Europe is Russia, but equality is also questionable, because there is a lot of discrimination there.
What is in fact about it is a combination of cultural diversity and equivalence.It is difficult to say in which European country the least discrimination occurs, depending on how you measure there may be different outcomes.
I am thinking of England at the moment because of the greater conformism than in the Netherlands, which also makes people from e.g. Pakistani descent very much their best to behave like britisher, more than many people from other descent Dutchman try to be.This happens because from the English the pressure to adopt their language and behaviour is much stronger than the pressure we exert.
As a result, there are more successful companies where the executives are also allochtoon and so there are more successful examples.At the same time, as with us, society is under pressure because of the excessive rate of foreigners and the overspeed of the changes.
That is a value judgement that is different for everyone.
I can now call a country, where no one, everyone, or any part of the readers agrees with it.
But how do you determine which country is?
That is hard to say: In principle, it is always the capitals that are most multicultural in almost every country, except perhaps in some Eastern European countries and/or the Balkans.The rest of the country is hobbles behind it. This often gives a totally wrong picture of multiculturalism among tourists who only do the capital in a country. Dublin is still lagging behind with the rest of the Western world, but they’re catching up with it. The rest of the island is actually totally not multicultural as far as I have seen.
Based on the fact that internationalism is synonymous with multicuralism, I can say from my own experience here in Dublin that the Dutch, Germans and Flemings are the most international of all.Not least because there are so few of them here, but also because they are actually the only groups I know who will automatically talk to each other when they know that there is someone in the group who does not speak Dutch or German.
Compare that to the French, Spaniards and Italians: when in a group with one of these groups, they will try to speak English to you, but with each other, while you are there, to nurse in their own language, unaware of your all alone in the group Feel it.This is the worst among the Spaniards. Again, that’s my experience -I’m not saying that others have the same experiences.
So: I think there is no country really multicultural than the other countries.They are often the capitals that give the impression that a country is enormously multicultural, often itt the reality of the rest of a country. This is of course because the capital is always more attractive than other cities.
Probably the Netherlands or Belgium, because Amsterdam is one of the most multicultural cities in the world (according to some sources even the most multicultural city).
Amsterdam has 170 -180 different nationalities.But Antwerp also scores high with more than 160.
I think that is France, followed by England. Many people in those countries have their ancestors in the former colonies. The integration has also not gone as IE should have gone. I see countries with many poorly integrated non-western immigrants as multicultural. If the integration goes fine, sun land becomes monocultural.