Really matriarchally none.There where sedentary agricultural cultures existed, and have, your patriarchal cultures. Only in Western Europe in the Middle Ages do you see a more feminiem aspect in which women apply as a person and not as a daughter, sister or wife of a man. It is quite possible that men and women in the hunter-collector societies were much more equal. In each case a part.
With the advent of agriculture, there was also inheritable possession including real estate and slaves.Earth, animals and people became more objects that another went on to decide. Often were the (physically stronger) men. Not all men, but an elite of men.
To know if a son was also really the son of the deceased, the freedom of the woman was contained.
(“Culture” means agriculture, the Neolithic societies are not covered)
However, the Matrilinear lineage has been preserved in some cultures, perhaps as a remnant from the hunter-collector time.Especially in West Africa and the resulting Marron cultures in Suriname. But also here are women only name bearer and “Woman of” and have men the economic power.
In the past, several peoples had a stratification in which essential decisions such as partner choice, succession and distribution of goods were taken by one or more leading women.
I know 1 example of a matriarchal society I have visited myself.This is that of the Mosuo people who live around the shores of the high-altitude Lugumeer, on the border of the Chinese provinces of Yunnan and Sichuan.
I remember how the central role of a richly dressed, friendly and at the same time severely looking older woman was considered completely self-evident.Below is a text from the Wiki article on the Mosuo:
The matriarch (Ah mi, or elder female, in Chinese) is the head of the house.The Ah mihas absolute power;
She decides the fate of all those living under her roof.In walking marriages, Mosuo women are responsible for much of the work done around the house and financial decisions. The matriarch also streaming the money and jobs of each family member.
When the Ah mi wishes to pass her VAT duties on to the next generation, she will give this female successor the keys to the household storage,
Signifying the passing on of property rights and responsibility.
Culture has been created by man, but culture is changeable.
If you are meant of which current cultures are still remaining, then the answer is none.If you meant what prehistoric cultures, so for scripture and hence for history, then the answer is probably all. Then we are talking about the Paleolithic at least.
Most indirect evidence for this is found in anthropology, archaeology, linguistics, evolutionary biology and biogenetics.One of the strongest indirect evidence for this is that the hypothetical Adam is younger than the hypothetical Eve, something which supports an anthropological theory that unlike most current cultures, prehistoric cultures were matrilocal and That is also matriarchal.
The problem in archaeology, however, is that often most of the surviving finds do not support this, because the others have often come to pass.Clothing and food is not very sustainable.
The last culture which is assumed to be matriarchal, based on texts from other cultures, was extinct in late antiquity, around the fifth century (expelled by the Huns).However, this culture has not left historical sources.
The reasons for the long gradual culture folder are velerlei.The domestication of the dog has been the first most important contribution, later domestication of other animals, then the emergence of agriculture, the growth of the first cities and war. Finally, the last thing, namely war, was the neck blow.
In history, I only know of certain theories that tell you that there were some matriarchal societies in prehistoric times.There are also a number of mythological stories about the Amazons having the say.
Today there are some smaller societies in which the woman is in charge or takes on a certain part of life.(in Indonesia for example).
ON: Which cultures in history originally have a matriarchal form of society?
There are societies where women are especially decisive. In Antillian families you often see the stereotypes of the self-reliant strong woman.In New Zealand one sees also many strong women. Think of New Zealand’s MP that takes d’r newborn child on state visit and breastfeeding.
There is also something like Polyandrie, where one woman marries several men.One sees this for example among Tibetans in Nepal. It is assumed that the Tibetans in Nepal practice polyandry because the soil is so little fertile and effective, that one needs several men to maintain one family unit. Within this culture, the woman has the inheritance law. [1
The word ‘ matriarchy ‘ is a bit difficult to place in your question.Because you are asking for origins of cultures I quickly think of sociobiology and anthropology. What you see in sociobiology is that man is especially very variable. We have both a predisposition for diversification between the sexes, which thus creates a macho culture, as well as a predisposition for similarity between the sexes, which makes for ‘ n more feminist society. [2 We do not necessarily focus our society in with the peacocks, the lobsters or the marmots, but man is as kind capable of a higher degree of variability than most other species.There is therefore a very fraught question which cannot be given a clear scientific answer.