What would you say is the most important building of the 20th century?

The World Seeds Bank “Doomsday Vault” in Spitsbergen (NO).

In This vault all the seeds of all plants in the world are collected.

The collection is not complete yet, but Cary Fowler[1 (the visionary, mad and devoted man behind the idea) strives daily to make as many countries in the world contribute to this seed bank.

If you want to see what he did and how the vault looks inside, check out this VPRO light documentary:

The fight for the seed-VPRO against light

Footnotes

[1 Cary Fowler-Wikipedia

‘, ‘ It depends entirely on what criteria you want to apply; Personal favourites everyone does.

‘ The most beautiful ‘ is not the same as ‘ most important. ‘ Because it’s about a building, you could choose architecture as a starting point, but it might as well be historical significance or both. Some buildings are already found important, just because they are considered an icon. Eiffel Tower, Empire State Building, Taj Mahal. (Only nr 2 is from the 20th century)
The World Seeds Bank, which is cited here, is in my opinion from the 21st century and therefore falls off anyway.
If historical significance is a criterion and you pick up a good dose of architectural value, the UN office in New York will score high eyes.A number of famous architects were involved, such as Le Corbusier and Oscar Niemeier. Despite that, the building is not really seen as an icon and also not really as a construction masterpiece, which is perhaps due to the many similar buildings of that time that are architecturally stronger. It therefore scores on many points on average, but would therefore be quite a winner in the points classification.
If you concentrate on the architectural significance and you focus on renewal in construction, material use and artistic value, a lot of buildings will be considered.It is then difficult to designate one defining building. Each building is the result of a program, a chosen schedule, construction, materialization, not to mention the inclusion in the environment. In addition, the implementation is also not insignificant. Some buildings leak (Rietveld SchrŠ×Üderhuis) or do not look after a number of years (Villa Savoye of Le Corbusier was a ruin). In spite of its beauty, users can also turn the building back because it does not meet the requirements (Bauhaus Dessau).
However, it is conceivable to designate the buildings of a number of architects as determining the direction of architecture: Le Corbusier, Mies van de Rohe, Frank Lloyd Wright, Oscar Niemeier.All are responsible for several iconic buildings that were guiding the building art, too much to sum up here. But they also built on a modern tradition for which the germs were previously laid, with the main players being: Louis Sullivan, Auguste Perret, Peter Behrens and Otto Wagner.

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