The pattern of milk production varies widely worldwide.Many large-scale countries consume most of it internally, while others (particularly New Zealand) export a large percentage of their production. Internal consumption is often in the form of liquid milk, while most of the international trade in processed dairy products such as milk powder takes place.
The milking of cows has traditionally been a labor-intensive operation and is still in less developed countries.Small farms require several people to milk and feed only a few dozen cows. In many farms, however, these employees were traditionally the children of the farming family, so that the term “family business” arose.
Advances in technology have led to a radical redefinition of “family farms,” especially in developed countries such as Australia, New Zealand, and the United States.For farms with hundreds of cows producing large quantities of milk, the larger and more efficient dairy farms are able to withstand serious changes in the price of milk and to operate profitably, while ‘traditional’ family farms in the Generally do not have the capital or income of other major orders of magnitude to do farms. The general perception of the public that large farms are replacing smaller ones is generally a misunderstanding, as many small family farms are expanding to take advantage of economies of scale and involve the company in order to obligations of the owners and, for example, to simplify the tax administration.
Before mechanization began on a large scale in the 1950s, it was profitable to keep a dozen dairy cows for the sale of milk.Now, in most dairies, more than a hundred cows have to be milked at the same time in order to be profitable. Other cows and heifers are waiting to be “refreshed” to join the Melkherde. In New Zealand, the average herd size for the 2009/2010 season is 376 cows.
The US is the world’s largest producer of cow’s milk, New Zealand the largest exporter of cow’s milk and China the largest importer.
The European Union, with its current 28 member countries, produced 158,800,000 tonnes (156,300,000 long tonnes; 175,000,000 short tonnes) (96.8% cow’s milk) in 2013, the largest quantity of all political-economic trade unions.
The Canadian dairy industry is one of four sectors subject to the supply management system, a national agricultural policy framework that coordinates supply and demand through production and import control and price mechanisms to address bottlenecks and Avoid surpluses and ensure a fair return for farmers and give Canadian consumers access to a high-quality, stable and secure supply of these sensitive products.The dairy management system is a “federated provincial policy” with four government agencies, organizations and committees – the Canadian Dairy Commission, the Canadian Milk Supply Management Committee (CMSMC), regional milk pools and regional milk marketing bodies. The milk supply management system is managed by the federal government through the Canadian Dairy Commission (CDC), founded in 1966, which is made up mainly of dairy farmers and manages the dairy supply management system for 12,000 dairy farms. managed in Canada. Through the CDC, the Federal Government is involved in procurement management in the management of imports and exports. The Canadian Milk Supply Management Committee (CMSMC) was established in 1970 as a body responsible for monitoring milk production rates and setting the national market-sharing ratio (MSQ) for raw industrial milk. The supply management system was approved by the Farm Products Agencies Act in 1972. Procurement management ensures uniform milk pricing for farmers without market fluctuations. Prices depend on the demand for milk across the country and how much is produced. In order to open a new farm or increase production, more of the SMS must be purchased in the so-called “quota”. In this case, farmers do not have to exceed the quota they have acquired. Each Canadian province has its own quota restriction based on market demand. There is a ceiling for the country quotas, which is called the total quota per month. In 2016, 28,395,848 kg of butterfat were produced each month.