In the sense of overthrowing the system, the French Revolution, as liberalism and democracy became the supreme ideal for the first time in a European great power.
Without him, today’s world would still consist of absolute monarchies with a humanity without rights.The French Revolution has advanced progress and modern principles like never before in a wave of outcry from the oppressed. Moreover, it has moved the whole world in an indirect way, and throughout Europe monarchs have been forced to hand over power to the people:
French famine -> Displeasure-indenting Parisians -> Peasant revolts across France -> Nobility has been powerless and weakened -> ignorant king -> Revolution -> News about overthrow of the monarchy spreads -> Nobility is shocked, oh these dirty farmers dare!?-> Population rises -> Population is inspired -> Revolution in France continues with rolling heads -> Robbespierre accuses everyone and everything but himself -> Revolution goes down in blood and minds -> neighboring monarchies march in -> Napoleon takes power -> Revolution to the end -> Napoleon spreads the idea throughout Europe
The police states may have suppressed the revolution in blood for the time being, but they cannot destroy the ideals of freedom, equality and fraternity.
Vive le Revolucion would not reverberate in Europe until a few decades from now.
But on another continent, someone has got wind of it, and the Latin American countries are in the process of shaking off Spanish colonial rule and thus smashing a world empire.
In 1830 there was another revolution in Bourbon France and again in 1846, which was to be the second storm, which almost brought down the old order again.
Italy in the Risorgimento, rises against the dominance of the Habsburgs
Radical Democrats in the German small states fought with the soldiers of the local lords
In Prussia in 1848 the king had to make concessions to the people
In Austria in 1848, Chancellor Metternich clung to absolutism with his teeth and fingernails, and the emperor thanked the proclamation of the Republic of San Marco in Venice, the Seven Days of Milan and the Hungarian Uprising.
Europe was in overturning, and only Russia remained as a stronghold of absolute monarchy and autocracy.
And a new idea has emerged
The revolutions before have mainly affected the middle class
Unlike in 1789, the Industrial Revolution brings efficiency and exploitation.The working class is mistreated and oppressed, they are doing very badly.
The Silesian weaver uprising showed the misery of the weavers who were on the verge of starvation.
Karl Marx, disillusioned by the previously promising uprisings written books and writings in the face of new problems.
Proletarians of all countries unite!
Trade unions and parties were founded to represent the general public
The workers and peasants (not for the first time) rise up.
The Paris Commune 1871
Famine in Paris.Besieged by the Prussian army, the imperial troops of Napoleon III mutine and leave the sinking ship (France) There is a revolution in the city. But it is the workers who have set up a committee and through a democratic assembly that involves all who have done it. The Paris Commune became a model for many socialists in the coming generations.
Communist, anarchist and socialist movements are founded all over the world, and a certain man, named Vladmir Ilyitch Ulyanov, is planning something big, something that will shake the world and shape the entire next century.
But before that, in Mexico, the dictator Porfirio Diaz is in power, denying the people democratic powers and first voices rising.It is 1910 and Madero plans to overthrow the dictator and establish a democratic constitution. So do the anarchist Emiliano Zapata and the socialist Pancho Villa. Madero crosses the Rio Grande and calls for revolution! The two persons mentioned above join in his attempt to overthrow him. They overthrew the dictator president and proclaimed the republic.
Two years later, the son of the former dictator returns and wants to seize power.It fails
But then The Great War begins.
Any revolutionary mood has been suppressed in patriotic zeal, and the chains of alliances on Europe are leading to a global conflict.Austria declares war on Serbia. Russia joins Serbia. Germany joins Austria-Hungary. France joins Russia. Germany attacks belgium. Britain joins France. The British Commonwealth supports the motherland. Japan joins the UK as an ally. The Ottomans join the Central Powers. butterfly effect like you haven’t seen before.
The war is claiming millions of lives, which was ultimately just the pointless slaughter of the lost generation.Nobody got anything from it. Northern France was destroyed, and Britain and Germany had unaffordable mountains of debt.
France was almost overturned by a socialist army revolt.
A new era is beginning.
The war is over.
The November Revolution brought the Empire to its knees.The Kiel sailors started it. It ended with Hitler. But the time in between is very eventful.
It is the time of revolutions
All previously known structures became relics of the past.
The monarchies had reached the end.
The personalities of Adolf Hitler, Josif Stalin, Leon Trotsky, Sigmund Freud and Josip Broz Tito, who had previously lived in Vienna, have something big in their sights.
Especially the first two.
About a year before the end of the Great War, a certain Vladmir Lenin was allowed to pass through the German Empire, in a train, the sealed train, the train that will shake the whole world and smash an empire.
February 1917, the population is starving, there were 3 million dead in the war against the German Empire and the K.u.K monarchy and the Tsar’s family is watching without a finger to bend while Nicholas II holds too much of himself.
That was the spark that made the bomb go up.
The soldiers, tired of the war, refused to shoot at the demonstrators and run over to them. The tsar abdicates and a Provisional Government under Alexander Kerensky was convened.
It was the first time a democratic parliament was convened in Russia and the people had a voice for the first time.
But Kerensky made a big mistake, for he armed the workers of Petrograd to crush the rebellion of General Kornilov, who wants to take power.
They passed over to Lenin and his particular version of socialism, which, in contrast to the other socialist parties, such as the Left Socialist Revolutionaries, the Centre of Socialist Revolutionaries and, above all, the Mensheviks, together the majority government.
The provisional government was abolished and Lenin’s followers took power.
Then the Russian Civil War began.
The best possible experiments were tried to solve the crises, mistakes and problems of concealment.
In Ukraine, a Nestor Makhno supporters gather around him and lead a Revolutionary Army under the banner of anarchism.
In Hungary, Bela Kun declared the Hungarian Council Republic and she opposes the expansion of its neighbours.
In Munich, the Bavarian Council Republic is proclaimed, and the Weimar Republic convenes another movement to suppress it, the fascists.
Revolutionary intellectuals on the other continents are now also trying to impose change.
In China, the millennial monarchy was ended and a republic was founded that soon collapsed.
In the German Reich the situation did not remain stable either, and in Speyer they tried to secede and in Hamburg there was an uprising of communists.
Suppressed groups joined left-wing parties to fight for rights.
The USSR was in idealistic, optimistic and at the same time partly naive zeal and looked forward to a promising and bright future.
The armed workers and soldiers were to unleash the concentrated wrath of the rulers against their rulers in a last battle.
Then came Stalin.
The more pragmatic and realistic statesman, bureaucrat and politician did not think of the romantic image of the uprising of the disadvantaged.
In the 1920s and 1930s either authoritarian forces established themselves in the nations of the world or other ideas gained in importance, especially fascism, which, unlike the previous new ideologies, did not want the revolution forward, but into the past and into the past and past days.
Revolutionaries had a harder and harder time and they were oppressed everywhere.
During the Second World War, there were again other problems and priorities with mechanized armies of the states, which had little to counter the poorly armed but motivated revolutionaries.
The Second World War gave the peoples of the earth the courage to take action against the weakened colonial powers.Ho Chi Minh leads Indochina to freedom and indeed the Viet Minh manage to shake off the shackles of imperialism.
Revolutions are not planned, but are happening out of an impromptu outcry from the people who have been given a boost.
That is why more and more are failing over time.But a Cuban guerrilla fights his way through the jungle against hopeless odds against a brutal regime and retreats and wins over the people. In the end, he and his fellow fighters manage to storm the presidential palace and turn the state around.
None of this would have happened without the thought of achieving something new.At some point, a French revolution had to pass, conjuring up the beginning of resistance to old orders, hierarchies, and circumstances.
(I hope this article was not too long)