What was ‘the’ drink in medieval Europe?

Sex on the beach….?Planters Punch ?…..

The brewery was known from an early age and the Germans already knew the beer next to the Met.

After the departure of the Romans, Germanic tribes took over the existing vineyards on the Rhine and Moselle.But they didn’t really like the taste of the wine. Although people liked to drink wine, beer consumption was even higher

In some areas of Germany, e.g. in Thuringia and Eastern Franconia, wine was still completely unknown for general use at the beginning of the 8th century and was still drunk very sparsely under Charlemagne.

Only the monks ensured the spread of viticulture and until the 14th century the local vine trunk took an equal position next to the barley juice and even became the main drink in “German lands” in the fifteenth century.

Of course, you also drank water: if you had access to fresh springs.But in the towns and larger villages, there was no attention to cleanliness. Most streams and wells were polluted and contaminated with bacteria. Hygiene was not there, there was no reason for it. But you could see that the water – so drunk – causes problems. So they left it!

They drank beer or wine.It has to be said, however, that beer and wine did not have the alcohol content at that time, as it is today. In Germany, beer usually had only 3% and wine 5%. So you didn’t have to dilute extra, it was already thin. And he was angry! Melanchton wrote home from the Reichstag in Augsburg:“We drink Neckar(-wine) here, but no nectar; he is so bitter and angry that the Christian (Univesity)Chancellor got the colic right on the first day.I buy rhaetian wine for my own money.” So wine from the south.

But no food was missing.It was food and good wine status symbol. Even the simple farmer and his servant drank wine. Owning vineyards was the goal of every monastery, small nobles or free peasants. In the 16th and 17th centuries, wine was so widely used and appreciated that almost no trade was made without granting an extraordinary wine ration to the seller. They even paid with wine: the lawyers, the doctors or the magistrates of the cities were rewarded with wine. Pastors also liked to take wine for their work at baptisms, weddings and funerals.

Wine was cheap!Thus, for example, in 1484 you could get a measure of wine an egg. It was even reported that instead of pouring away his old wine, a feudal lord had his old wine drunk from his body. They had to come together for a day and drink until they fell over. He then took penalties for rioting, which brought him much more money than the wine was worth. This led to a drastic increase in the consumption of wine, beer and schnapps in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries; it was a “SAUFZEIT”.

Wine was often not drunk naturally, butthe mixes it with spices, herbs, berries or honey. They also boiled the wine and drank it hot; already in the morning one warmed up at a cup vinum coctum.Thus, Alant, Wermuth’s absinthe, conep, spon wines, hippokras, Klaret, Lauterdrank, pigment, sinople and other artificial seasoning wines were available everywhere.

Christoph von Grimmelshausen describes in his contemporary report of the “Adventurous Simplicissimus” a banquet with the Governor of Hanau during the Thirty Years’ War: “I saw that the guests had the thousand-fold preparations and additions. peppered, over-dummed, masked and drunken French potagens and Spanish ollapotrides ate like the sows and the noble Hochheimer, Bacharacher and Klingenberger poured down into the stomach with bucket-sized glasses like the cows.

Due to the so-called “little ice age” at the end of the Middle Ages, no wine could be grown in northern Germany.

In northern Germany, for example, they drank more beer, and in southern Germany, they drank more wine.And the beers became stronger over time; The Hamburgers, Einbecker, Zerbster, Naumburger, Ducksteiner, the Brunswick Mumme were well known. The wines from Germany were still not sweet, but they were better developed and not quite as “thin” as before. Heavy sweet wines were sourced from the Mediterranean countries.

It was only through the phylloxera and the destruction of most vines that wine-growing and, with the drastically rising prices, consumption declined considerably from 1860 onwards.The hygiene was also much better, the science had successes, one also drank a lot of water again.

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