What things (tools or discoveries) invented in the ancient Persian Empire are still used today?

There are many things that were discovered or invented in ancient Persia.Of course, some of them are no longer used today, but they were somehow the early form of what we use today.


Qanat (Kariz) is an old water supply system from a deep well with a series of vertical access shafts.The Qanates still provide a reliable water supply for settlements and irrigation in hot, dry and semi-dry climates. According to most sources, Qanat technology in ancient Iran was adopted by the Persian people sometime at the beginning of the 1st millennium BC. Developed and spread slowly from there to the west and east.

Qanat – Wikipedia


Windcatchers are tall, chimney-like structures that protrude from the roofs of older houses in many desert cities in Iran.

In their simplest form, wind catchers use the cool breeze and guide them down either into the house or into underground storage rooms to cool perishable food. Studies have shown that wind catchers can lower the internal temperature by about 10 degrees. The ruins of a Persian temple of fire from 4000 BC Have numerous chimney-like structures, some of which have no traces of ash. This suggests that Iranian architects are from Iran.

Windcatchers are still present in Iran and are also found in traditional Persian architecture throughout Western Asia, including in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Pakistan and Afghanistan.

The wind-catching approach has recently been used in western architecture, such as the visitor center in Zion National Park, Utah, where no mechanical devices have been added to temperature control. Windcatchers are also used at Kensington Oval cricket ground in Barbados and in the Z茅nith of Saint-Etienne M茅tropole.

An ancient engineering feat that harnessed the wind (English)


The oldest known windmill concept comes from 3,000-year-old Persia, where they were used to grind grain and pump water.Of course, the use of wind power in sailing precedes the inventions of windmills, but this is the first known use of wind to automate mechanical / manual everyday tasks.


This game was also invented in Persia.

Remains of a board game from 3000 BC Found in Shahr-e Sukhteh in Iran.

Early cooling methods

Yakhchal (Yakh means “ice” and chel means “pit”) is an ancient type of evaporative cooler.

It was built around 400 BC. Invented.

Yacht scarf – Wikipedia


A 5,200-year-old shell found in an Iranian city in the 1970s shows five images that researchers have recently identified as sequential, similar to a zoetrope.

When you turn the bowl, you see a goat jumping to grab leaves from a tree.

It is considered to be the oldest animation.

The artificial eyeball

The artificial eye found in an ancient tomb was in the left eye socket of a woman.

The team of archaeologists estimated the age of the eye between 2900 and 2800 BC.

Postal services

Chapar Khaneh is the name given to the first postal service used during the Achaemenide period.

Each “Chapar Khaneh” was a station located mainly along the Royal Road, a 2,500 km long old road that stretched from the Sardis to Susa and connected most of the great cities of the empire.

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