I don’t understand that there are still no answers to questions like this… Is the Dutch Quora community so small?
One of the most notorious battles ever.The name Stalingrad will probably be geässociated for many generations with that period from the Second World War, where literally fought for months in succession.
The Germans eventually succeeded in taking Stalingrad-the city was not undetectable.
But the price they cost was one of the reasons they eventually lost WW II.
Let me take you to Stalingrad, 1942, August 23rd to be exact.
The Germans reached Stalingrad that day, in pursuit of two Russian armies that did not prove to be up to the German armed forces.The German army employs more than 200,000 German soldiers, with another 70,000 soldiers from other countries, and is particularly well armed with tanks, artillery, the most modern firearms for their infantry, and supervised and protected by the German Luftwaffe, who The strongest air fleet of the time. Luftflotte 4-Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ← Here you can read Wele types of planes there were present in this offensive, and if you read that list, remember that this is really just an enumeration of what types of aircraft are available at that time Were… I do not even think about the numbers.
The Germans want to conquer Stalingrad.Symbolically, it is a city that bears the name of their great Russian enemy, Jozeph Stalin, and strategically blocks the city a large part of the Russian hinterland.
Stalin knows this.And Stalin has meanwhile seen that:
- The Germans have more modern weapons than the Russians, so the Russians can not withstand the German Army 1 in 1.
His troops know this too, and this has brought the moral of the Russians below all levels.
And Stalin is fierce.And Stalin decides that he will defend, at any cost, Stalinrad.
And Stalin decides that the inhabitants of Stalinrad are not allowed to evacuate.400,000 civilians, Mannan, women and children, are not allowed to leave the city while the largest army of the Germans is standing in front of the doors.
The Germans open their offensive with one of the largest air raids of the war.In two days, more than 1000 tons of explosives are thrown on the city, with which most of the buildings within the first two days of the attack remain nothing but ruins. The Germans invade the city and capture all the Russian citizens who get them alive, to work as slaves in the German factories.
And the Russian soldiers are desperate.And a grim kind of determination arises in the Russian troops.
These are their wives and children who are murdered and disposed of by the Germans.
Those are their homes that are being bombed.
That’s their city that is practically wiped off the map after 2 days.
And the Russian soldiers decide that, even though they may not be able to meet the German soldiers… They are going to have to pay for every square metre in blood.
This is how the real battle for Stalinrad begins.The Russian ground troops spread through the city in groups of 5 to 10 soldiers, and are literally everywhere.Not from street to street, not from house to house, not from floor to floor… But from room to room It is fought throughout the city.The German soldiers are quickly starting to joke about “having conquered the kitchen and fighting the living room”. There are almost contsant firefights held in the sewers of the city. Regularly there are enemy zoldaten on different floors of the buildings and shoot through the holes in the ceiling and the floors on the soldiers who are fighting a floor higher or lower. Stalingrad train station is acquired 14 times by the other party in 6 hours. There are fought to stairwells, there are sometimes groups of only a few Russian soldiers hidden in the basement of a building that is taken over to make the difference 1 time in a next counter-attack. At one time there is a battle for a large grain lift that lasts for 10 days, and only ends because the Russian defenders have no more water and bullets after those 10 days and the Germans have meanwhile surrounded the position. Only 40 defenders appear to have been.
And the Germans succeed, with meters per day, to conquer the city slowly but surely-they are just too strong.But it takes months, and Stalin makes sure that new soldiers are landed on the Russian side on a daily basis, and the German flood is dammed with a wall of Russian bodies. For months it is hell for both parties. The Germans eventually described it as the “rat War”.
And during this humanitarian disaster, the Russians continued to deliver endless new soldiers and new equipment.Their strategy began to resemble the idea that, if every German soldier could kill 5 Russians, they just had to wager 6 Russians per German.
In November, after 3 months of fighting, the Russians reached a numerical advantage on the German planes.In addition, a large portion of the German airplanes that still worked were recalled to fight against the geällized armies in North Africa. In spite of their technological backwardness, the Russians were able to acquire power over the skies after 3 months of continuous slaughter on both sides of the battle.
And there was another important part of this struggle: the German focus.
The Germans were already attacking the whole war, and had never really had to defend it.At least, not widely. Of course, there were regular fights in the streets where they were also driven back (for example, at that station) but on a large, strategic scale this had never been necessary before.
Perhaps this is partly the reason why they had not adequately defended their supply lines.Or maybe they were just too much focused on taking the city.
Anyway, the Russians attacked the army’s Backguard, and began to surround Stalingrad.
Hitler stated in a speech that German soldiers would never withdraw.His marshals almost begat him to revise that decision, but Hitler believed in the superiority of the German armies, and believed that his armies would eventually win.
Many people, if they do not know enough of war, do not know how bad it is when an army is surrounded. As long as the army is strong, as long as the soldiers can still fight, can they, with the back against the wall, bite away until the enemy enters?
These people don’t realise how much material an army uses every day to stay 100% operational.War feeding is expensive, it costs loads of ammunition and materials for repairing damaged equipment, and soldiers must eat.
Within two weeks, the city, now finally in the hands of the Germans, was surrounded by the Russian army.
And the heavily armed, 200,000 soldiers German army needed about 700 tons of materials per day to be able to fight at full force.
Where should that 750 ton come from if you can’t drive to your army?
Of course, the Germans tried to deploy the planes they had left to immediately set up an aerial bridge, but they could not supply much more than 100 tonnes of materials on good days, and of course German planes were furiously Shot by the Russian anti-aircraft cannons.
Thus weakened the encircled German army, whereby the Russians could make the ring around Stalingrad ever smaller, and in the end, of the 210,000 German soldiers in the ring could be saved another 35,000 with Vligin, the remainder was killed or captured.
The Germans had 1 goal when they started the attack on Stalingrad, and that was taking the city.
After 3 months of fighting for every cubic metre of the city, she succeeded.
And it took them the war.
In the early stages because the Germans had to deliver a street fight which is other cake than tearing through an open plain.In the later phase because the surrounding area could no longer be secured, which allowed the Russians to break through and surround them. The Volga also helped, right across the road, the supply of man and equipment was relatively safe.