Take a mental look at The Time of Marx and observe your fellow human beings.You are a trained lawyer and cameraman. Doctor of Philosophy, liberal advocate of a united Germany and humanist.
They have friendly relations with Hegel, Heine and Engels, have come around the world and have experienced the suffering and bitter poverty of the little people everywhere.They hope for equality, justice and a united Germany: the 1848 revolution. But they failed and they had to emigrate to England. The industrial “revolution” was at its zenitily in England, in Victorian-era England.
Industrialization in particular was a considerable break, and more and more factories and machines took the work away from people. More and cheaper goods were produced than in the past.If a craftsman had taken some time to produce a product by hand, the machines took over at a higher speed. As a result, the homeworkers became largely superfluous.
Of course, this had consequences: it led to high unemployment.Because the machines were able to do people’s work faster, the workers had to watch as they were increasingly replaced by machines doing the work they had previously done with their hands.
Admittedly, the unhealthy and unhygienic living conditions in British cities worsened in the first half of the century because the side streets of the dark, increasingly densely populated slums “died” in the dirt.Since there was no sanitation and, if anything, access to dirty and pathogen-contaminated water, dangerous infectious diseases were ubiquitous. But the reflection on hygiene, the “washing” etc.and the advances in medicine had consequences: the population grew by 50 percent between 1816 and 1850.The population of England (with Wales) grew from 8 to 18 million, surpassing the population growth in Germany.But here, too, in 1850, twice as many people lived as in 1815.
And the confluence of more people and less work inevitably led to even greater poverty.
Employers have been able to reduce wages to a minimum because of the high oversupply of labour.Under these circumstances, however, no family man was able to feed a family with his wages. The cooperation of women and children in the factory was therefore essential. For its part, however, it pressed on the wages of male factory workers, even lower wages, a vicious circle. One was happy when only one in the family had work, even if it was a child.And a working day was usually from 6:00 in the morning to 8:00 in the evening – also for small children under 10 years. and not 5 times a week; If only the Sunday MORNING to the church was unpaid free.Clearly unpaid, there was only money for 100% reading and work not for the sick and people who were restricted, who simply received deductions from the already few.
In England, social conditions were worst in the 1830s and 1940s.But conditions in Germany were also bad. Particularly poor in the early days of industrialization were the weavers in Silesia, who eventually dared to revolt against their poor working and living conditions in 1844.(Also recommended as a play again and again).
In England, the effects of increased geographical mobility (e.g. the possibility of farmers emigrating to the city), the abolition of marriage bans and the early abolition of the guild requirement are added.
Between 1815 and 1845, in addition to the aforementioned Irish, another five million people left England to settle permanently in the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India and South Africa.Many people emigrated from Germany during this time and tried their luck in America or elsewhere overseas.
The potato rot imported from South America led to a terrible famine in Ireland over several years from 1845, killing 1.5 million people.The government in London is idly watching the disaster. This led to a new exodus of people. By 1855, more than 2.1 million people had left the island, mostly heading for the United States.
So and you, as Karl Marx, are in the midst of daily misery and see that, you write down and you make your thoughts.Because there is almost no one to worry about.
Economic liberalism, the theoretical foundations of which were developed by Adam Smith (1723鈥?1790), is based on the free economic activity of each individual.According to Adam Smith, in pursuit of his self-serving goals of profit and prosperity, the individual is guided as if by an invisible hand that ensures that he also serves the good of society, even though that was not his intention. Government interventions in the economy are therefore perceived and rejected by liberalism as disruptive. Liberalism therefore advocates a free unregulated market economy as an economic order with all economic freedoms such as freedom of trade, free pricing and freedom of competition.The entrepreneur and his selfishness are the right thing to do, according to the teachings!
And you, yes Karl Marx, realize that there is something rotten, not in the state of Denmark, but in England, Germany everywhere.
They work on their main work, capital, and in 1864 they took the lead in the establishment of a workers’ association (short “First International”) and led it until the de facto dissolution in 1872 (by moving the headquarters to the USA.
In the German states, you are pushing ahead with the creation of a revolutionary socialist party; this was done in contrast to the Social Reform-oriented General German Workers’ Association of your former “student” Ferdinand Lassalle, with whom you had split in the political goals.
Wilhelm Liebknecht has been in contact with you since he moved to Berlin in 1862 and was co-founder of the Social Democratic Workers’ Party in 1869, which in 1875 became a member of the Socialist Workers’ Party of Germany, the later Social Democratic Party. Party of Germany (SPD).
And it is precisely at this time that the publication of your major work THE KAPTIAL
Yes, what should I think of it?