It is somewhat unclear what you are meant by ‘ mentality ‘.If you are talking about intellectual abilities, it goes towards weak-or low-fumility. If you are referring to the socio-emotional development, an autism variant is obvious. Non-congenital brain injuries are also among the possibilities.
But for a clear answer, clear information is needed.
In adult age (emotional, social or behavioral) the characteristics of a child are called ‘regression ‘ Or ‘ age Regression ‘ .
Sometimes the term ‘Arrested development‘ is also used: traumatic events can cause a child to be ‘ stuck ‘ in a certain level of psychological development for a longer period of time-the child can therefore often seem immature because the Development is stuck at an earlier stage.
For example, an eleven-year-old child who was abandoned by his/her primary caregiver at the age of four may have tantrums similar to that of a four-year-old when he is left with an unknown babysitter.In other words, he can conduct a behavioral decline in the development phase in which he/she is stuck. Such regressive behavior is a temporary reaction to real or perceived trauma.
According to Sigmund Freud , regression is an unconscious defensive mechanism that causes the temporary or prolonged reversal of the ego to an earlier stage of development.Regression is normal in childhood and is usually caused by stress, frustration or a traumatic event. When children have a regressive behavior, this often indicates fear.
Regression in adults can occur at any age.Adult people will then retire to a previous development phase (emotional, social, or behavioral). Uncertainty, fear and anger can cause an adult to exhibit regression. In essence, people return to a point in their development when they feel safe and when stress does not exist, or when there was a parent or other adult who would have protected or rescued them.
Carl Jung claimed that the regressive tendency of an individual is not just a relapse in infantilism, but an attempt to achieve something important (for example, a universal feeling of childhood innocence, a sense of security, Mutual love and trust).
Both medical and psychological disorders can be the basis of regression:
- Inadequate coping
Coping is ‘ coping with stress in a constructive way ‘.
Regressive behavior can be a sign of inadequate or not adapted coping mechanisms. Regressive behaviors usually lead to the environment’s attention, which reinforces and strengthens the behavior.
Katatonie is a syndrome characterized by motor symptoms, inactive behavior, excitement and bizarre (repetitive) behavior.
Catatonia can occur in a number of psychiatric and physical illnesses. Some of the symptoms in Catatonia can be defined as “regressive”.
Psychotic disorders are serious mental disorders in which someone experiences difficulties in distinguishing the outer world of the inner living world, or where someone loses the ability to react emotionally or to effectively Communicate or behave in an accepted manner.
People with psychotic disorder may have unorganized thoughts and behaviors (for example, inappropriate emotional reactions where any motivation for the behavior is lacking) which can easily be considered as regressive behavior.
A delirium is a sudden confusion.
This confusion is temporary and usually occurs through a physical illness. The clinical features of delirium are diverse and include disorganized behavior, aggression, excitement, disorientation and an inability to care for and eat for themselves, all of which can be considered as regressive behavior.
Dissociative disorders are characterized by dissociation, including depersonalization/derealization (characterized by profound and repeated episodes of releasing or alienating the self or a feeling that things are in its own Environment are not real or both), dissociative amnesia (extreme forgetfulness) and inability to recall relevant personal information, and dissociative identity disorder (a complex, chronic, post-traumatic psychopathology Characterized by alternating subjective separated identities with recurring episodes of Total amnesia).
Their behavior is characterized by an inability to regulate bodily functions and emotions. This behavior can easily be considered as regressive.
A severe depressive disorder can lead to regresive behaviors and emotions, including anhedonia (loss of interest or pleasure) and poor self-care (including poor hygiene and care)
Patients with dementia often exhibit a regression in functionality, as evidenced by difficulties in performing activities in daily life.
Patients with BPD are particularly vulnerable to regression because of their lack of a cohesive self.
Environments that have a lack of structure promote regression in patients with BPD.
Patients with opioid intoxication may be psychomotically tolerated or delayed, have slurred speech, or have limitations in memory and cognition.
Alcohol intoxication also causes decreased attention and memory in combination with impulsiveness; Patients who are drunk with alcohol exhibit impaired coordination (e.g. Stumbling, loss of fine motor skills), speech difficulties (slurred speech), mood swings, limited attention and disorganization, all of which can be considered as regressive. Mental illness is not a really neat term to describe this.