Tomatoes are botanically a berry, a subset of fruits, but are considered vegetables for culinary purposes due to their savoury taste.
Tomatoes are native to North and South America, but have been widely used in Mediterranean cuisine.Mature tomatoes contain a significant umami flavor and are a key ingredient in the pizza. They are commonly used in pasta sauces. They are also used in gazpacho (Spanish cuisine) and Pa Amb Tomasquet (Catalan cuisine).
The tomato is now grown and eaten all over the world.It is used in various ways, including raw in salads or slices, steamed, incorporated into a variety of dishes or processed into ketchup or tomato soup. Immature green tomatoes can also be breaded and fried, processed into salsa or pickled. Tomato juice is sold as a drink and used in cocktails such as Bloody Mary.
Tomatoes are easy to preserve, whole, in pieces, as a tomato sauce or paste from home.They are sour enough to be processed in a water bath and not in a pressure cooker, as with most vegetables. The fruits are also preserved by drying, often in the sun, and sold either in sacks or in jars of oil.
A tomato consists of 95% water, contains 4% carbohydrates and less than 1% fat and protein (table).In a 100 gram quantity, raw tomatoes provide 18 calories and are a moderate source of vitamin C (17% of daily requirements), but otherwise a significant nutrient content is missing (table).
On August 30, 2007, 40,000 Spaniards gathered in Buol to throw 115,000 kg of tomatoes at the annual Tomatina festival.
In Ontario, Canada, Representative Mike Colle introduced a private member bill in March 2016 to designate the tomato as the province’s official vegetable and designate July 15 as Tomato Day to determine the importance of tomato for agriculture in agriculture. Ontario.The bill was not passed by lawmakers and no official nominations were made.
Tomatoes have been named the state vegetable of New Jersey.Arkansas took both sides by declaring the South Arkansas Vine Ripe Pink Tomato as both state fruit and state vegetables, citing its culinary and botanical classifications. In 2009, the state of Ohio passed a law making tomato the official fruit of the state. Tomato juice has been Ohio’s official drink since 1965. Livingston, from Reynoldsburg, Ohio, was instrumental in the distribution of the tomato in the late 19th century. His efforts are celebrated in Reynoldsburg with an annual tomato festival.
Flavr Savr was the first commercially grown genetically modified food approved for human consumption.
The Spanish city of Buol celebrates la Tomatina, a festival that focuses on a massive tomato fight.Tomatoes are a popular “non-lethal” throwing weapon during mass protests, and there was a common tradition of throwing rotten tomatoes at bad performers on a stage in the 19th century. Today, this is usually referred to as a metaphor. The Dutch Socialist Party adopted the tomato as its logo to use for this connotation of protest.
The American city of Reynoldsburg, Ohio, calls itself “the birthplace of tomato” and claims that the first commercial tomato variety was bred there in the 19th century.
Several US states have adopted the tomato as state fruit or vegetables (so on).