What is the difference between sociopaths, psychopaths, narcissists and machiavellians?

Here I found an interesting answer (in brackets I have given the source):

Dark Triad (Wikipedia)

Sociopath/psychopath – these terms are more colloquial and are used for what psychologists/psychiatrists call antisocial personality disorder (therapie.de) / dissocial personality disorder (Wikipedia).

Quote: “The psychopath in one sentence: “The other as an object”.He is distinguished by his reckless behaviour. In contrast to the other two personality types, he is not afraid of consequences, which makes him cold-blooded. Persons of this personality type are more likely to commit criminal offences. [6 His character is characterized above all by high impulsivity and low empathy.” (from Wikipedia)

Narcissus (therapie.de) – is usually used to describe someone with the narcissistic personality disorder (Wikipedia).

Quote: “In terms of language, a “narcissist” means a person who shows strong selfishness, arrogance and selfishness and behaves ruthlessly towards others.

A narcissistic personality disorder, on the other hand, is a profound disorder of personality, in which there is a lack of self-esteem and a strong sensitivity to criticism.These traits alternate with conspicuous self-admiration and exaggerated vanity and excessive self-confidence. The latter serves to compensate those affected for their low self-esteem. In addition, they can empathize badly with other people.” (from Wikipedia)

Machiavellist – so named after Nicco L茅 Machiavelli (Wikipedia), an Italian philosopher from the XV century, who in his book, The Prince (Wikipedia), described how he thinks a ruler should proceed in order to wiel possible.So also with lazy tricks, but so that the opponents do not see through them, put simply.

The sad truth is that many successful rulers and despots have had much success with his recommendations, or have invented and applied such “detailed” methods on their own (without knowledge of this book).The good thing about the book is that with its knowledge you can better see through and analyze the tricks of the despots, and you may not be able to see them. better to defend against it as a buerger. Ideally.

The term Machiavellianism (psylex.de) is also often used by psychologists to describe people who use such “lazy tricks” in their daily lives to exploit their fellow human beings.

Quote: “Machiavellism is a personality and manifests itself through the desire to manipulate and exploit others, a cynical disregard for morality and a focus on self-interest and deception.” (from psylex.de)

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