Basically, the goal of psychology is to explore the experience and behavior of people.
Social psychology is a basic subject that all aspiring psychologists have to deal with.In addition to social psychology, general psychology, biological psychology, developmental psychology and personality psychology are considered basic subjects (in Germany).
Clinical psychology, on the other hand, is an applicationsubject, which often appears in the curriculum of a bachelor’s degree, although there are exceptions here as well.(The fern university in Hagen, for example, would be one of them.)
So what are the differences?
In social psychology, one researches the “[…” Effects of the actual and imagined presence of other people on the experience and behavior of the individual” (According to Allport, 1968)
What does this mean in concrete terms now?
An example of the effect of other people’s actual presence on the individual’s experience and behavior would be the Bystander effect:
The bystander effect describes the phenomenon whereby observers of a criminal assault or accident are less likely to help the victims the more people have observed the events.
A pretty blatant realization.Until now, the thesis was assumed that personality traits were decisive for the behaviour of help. But as John M. Darley and Bibb Latan茅 found out, situational factors play a much greater role in other people’s help in a predicament.
Interested parties can take a look at this example:
Let’s move on to clinical psychology:
In clinical psychology, biological, social, personality psychology (long word) and other perspectives are used to explore how mental disorders affect an individual’s experience and behavior.
This is where the different findings from the basic subjects are applied in a clinical context.Clinical psychology is therefore also considered a cross-sectionaldiscipline.
Take, for example, anorexia nervosa, also known as anorexia.
From various perspectives, it is now possible to consider which factors promote anorexia.From a biological perspective, one could focus on genetic disposition.It would therefore be investigated whether there were already cases of anorexia in the family of the person concerned.
From a social perspective, it could be investigated to what extent social-psychological processes such as group coercion or a social ideal of beauty promote anorexia.
Finally, at a personal psychological level, the extent to which expressions of certain personality factors (e.g. Big Five) affect the propensity to anorexia could be investigated.
Despite the complexity of the ways of looking at things, a good psychologist should never commit to a view of things, but should always take the perspective that helps the other person the most.
And I hope I could help you with this answer.