What is China’s argument on Tibet?

1.CHINA SAYS TIBET IS PART OF CHINA

China’s argument:

Tibet was absorbed about 800 years ago during the Yuan Dynasty and became an inseparable part of China.It has not been a country since then, and no country has ever recognized Tibet as an independent state.

The facts:

It is true that Tibet, although it had a unique culture, written and spoken language, religion and a unique political system for centuries, was never a nation-state in the modern sense of the word.

However, the Chinese government’s claim that Tibet has been part of China for some 800 years is not supported by the facts.

Tibet was not ruled by the Chinese government before the 1950 invasion.

In 1912, the 13th Dalai Lama – Tibet’s political and spiritual leader – issued a proclamation reaffirming Tibet’s independence and keeping the country its own national flag, currency, stamps, passports, and army. It signed international treaties and maintained diplomatic relations with neighbouring countries.

2.CHINA SAYS ANCIENT TIBET WAS BACK AND NEEDED CHINA TO FREE IT

China’s argument:

From 1950 to 1959, China peacefully liberated Tibet and reformed it democratically.This ended the old serfdom, in which brutality was widespread. a hell on earth with the backward masses enslaved by landlords and priests. The highlight was the day of the emancipation of the serfs in March 1959, when the Tibetan government was declared illegal.

The facts:

In 1950, the newly established Communist regime invaded Tibet, which was rich in natural resources and had a strategically important border with India.

With 40,000 Chinese troops in his country, the Tibetan government was forced to sign the “Seventeen-Point Agreement,” which recognized China’s rule in return for a promise to support Tibet’s political system and Buddhism. Protect.

Far from welcoming the Chinese as liberators, Tibetans across the country continued to resist Chinese forces, and China responded with widespread brutality.

The resistance culminated on March 10, 1959, when 300,000 Tibetans surrounded Potala Palace to protect the Dalai Lama.

This date is celebrated by Tibetans and supporters as A National Uprising Day.

In 1950, many states that are now stable democracies were undemocratic and did not respect human rights.The 14th Dalai Lama was a teenager when his country was attacked and he could never rule Tibet independently. In exile, he won the Nobel Peace Prize and completely democratized the Tibetan government in exile. On the other hand, the Chinese government still has no democratic authority.

China claims that its vision of a brutal past justifies its occupation.But Tibet under Chinese rule has experienced great brutality – from the destruction of thousands of monasteries and the deaths of more than a million Tibetans in Mao’s era to torture, arbitrary arrests, and the denial of fundamental freedoms today.

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