What is a classic example of cognitive dissonance?

In 1956, Leon Festinger (1919-1989) and colleagues introduced the concept of cognitive dissonance.

The human psyche works with the behavior dissociation of the unbearableCognitive dissonance.
What you know and then “forget” what you cut off or suppress, comes back again and again like a buoy pressed under water.Dissociation gives people the opportunity to distance themselves and to act in the face of extremely threatening situations in which they would otherwise be completely paralyzed by fear.

Individual and national cognitive dissonance has been created by the founder and longtime director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) J.Edgar Hoover (1895-1972) in an article published in The Elks Magazine in August 1956 described as follows:

The American consciousness has not recognized the evil that has been smuggled in the midst of us. It even rejects the assumption that people could support a philosophy that ultimately has to destroy everything that is good.”

Cognitive dissonance is an unconscious mental conflict that occurs when
• Two settings or
• a setting and a behavior, or
• a setting and new information,
conflict with each other.

“Smoking could kill me.”
The smoker must either quit smoking – or conjure up justifications for smoking.

  • “Smokers often have the cognition “I like to smoke” on the one hand, but on the other hand the cognition “smoking is harmful to health”.

The dissonance resulting from this contradiction can reduce smokers by devaluing the meaning of dissonant cognition, such as saying that health is not such a central value, or by changing the dissonant cognition, e.g. by changing the that the harmful effects of smoking have not yet been clearly demonstrated.”
Source: Dissonance Theory

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