In time, pretty much all.
When we think of automation, we mainly think of rather obvious things: the cashier, the driver, the Postman,…, and that are indeed the most threatened professions in the short term.
Meanwhile, there are apps for psychological therapy, music is composed by computers, etc.Today this is still in its infancy (although it already seems to work very well), but there is no reason to think why this technology cannot replace these professions within a few decades. Even the profession of surgeon could be fully automated according to experts against 2058.
Within the next decade I expect more and more a separation between livelihoods and labor and that within a few generations the concept of “working for your Money” will be a historical fact.Moreover, this trend will be combined with an increasingly improved availability of (basic) facilities, which enhances the effect.
There will (hopefully) be a shift to other issues, including important but not economically viable research (e.g.Within the ecology), caring for children and the elderly,… It is thus contrary to what is often claimed to be a very good evolution.
First of all, professions, will never completely disappear!
But every function with repeable acts is a first victim and features that people are willing to do themselves (because it saved).
- Data entry typists (used to be most overtyped, now forwarded from one system to another.
- Card makers, (most of them are automatically supplied, if cars have GPS and pass their route)
- The coffee Miss
- Simple assembly work with large numbers
- Sorters (one machine does it faster)
To begin with, the notion is disappearing a headlines term.There are really only professions and with the development of the technique they change. For example, the Peel farmer who pulled through the city in the 1950s with a horse and carriage to pick up the vegetable waste and deliver it to the pig farmer is now called Garbage Man and is split into two professions: the man who grabs the bags or the containers and Driver of the truck. In Some cities even the bags/container packer is automated and you are actually back at the Peel Farmer. In addition, the Peel Farmer in many cities has not disappeared because of the technique, but because of regulations that it forbade to drive with horse and carriage, without authorization by the city, so as to prevent horse droppings everywhere on the street and the Municipality had a lot of cost to clean up the streets.
So what we are going to see above all is that professions change and marginalize and therefore become invisible.For instance, the farrier is still an existing profession and that will remain so despite the development of the technique, simply because horse owners do not like it when a machine sits on their horse. But since almost nobody owns a horse and therefore does not need a farrier, only a limited group of people knows that profession.
What comes down to it is that a profession through changes in society, such as developments in technology, changes in the needs of people, changes in the rules, become invisible or change names, but disappear is a Rarity.Finally, there are even charcoal burners, although they do so today on an industrial scale because there are still enough draughtsmen who use charcoal to draw or because there are people who like to barbecue in the summer. But how many people are still called charcoal burner? High probability that they are called process operator nowadays.