What do you think first when you see a cross?

Hello Bernhard Wirrwall!

The cross is an ancient pagan symbol, which was introduced into the renegade Christianity in the 4th century on the basis of a dream of The Emperor Constantine.

Much of the ecclesiastical use is of pagan origin

The cross is an ancient religious symbol and was already known as the Henkel cross at the time of the Egyptians.

Translation basis of the Bible texts: Jerusalem Bible

Symbols from the pagan religion

possibly invisible graphics!

View according to the Catholic Church

Paganism/Christianity

Commentary John Henry Newmann (then prelate, later cardinal)

Building on the power of Christianity to resist the infection of the B.eye and to transform the own instruments and appendages of the demon service into evangelical use, … from early times the leaders of the Church were prepared to imitate or sanction the existing rites and customs of the lower people as well as the philosophy of the educated classes.As Newman went on to say, such things as holy water, priestly robes and images are “all of pagan origin and sanctified by admission to the Church.” God’s people are truly grateful that they are protected from apostasy of this kind by divine teaching. It prevails over any form of demonism (Acts 19/20).

in addition:

“The use of temples, and these individual saints consecrated . . .; Priestly garments, the tone, the turning to the east, in a later time images, perhaps the church song and the Kyrie eleison 鈥?are all of pagan origin and sanctified by the admission to the Church” (treatise on the development of Christian doctrine, English 1878, German 1922).

God’s view according to the law of Moses

What does the Bible say about the pagan [1 Religion

2.Moses 20/2,3 (JB)………….. I am Yahweh, your God, who brought you out of the Land of Egypt, the house of slaves.Tare shall have no gods other than me.

So the true God draws a clear line between himself and all other gods.The latter have their origins in the great confusion, http://Sat.an, the Teu.fel.To make a clear distinction in this respect, God has given himself a proper name, which was already known at the time of the Garden of Eden (Genesis 4/1), it is reproduced in some translations with “Je.hova”, in others with “Jahwe”.

What does the Bible say about customs that are clearly of pagan-religious origin?

Commandment of God

Genesis 18/3 (JB)…….. You must not do what you do in Egypt, where you lived, nor what you do in Canaan, where I am taking you.You must not live according to their customs.

Proceedings against persons who do so

Genesis 18/29,30 (JB)…….. Whoever commits any of these atrocities – persons , who do these things shall be exterminated from among the people.Observe my orders, do not follow the greedy customs that have been practiced before you, and do not defiled against them. I am Yahweh.

2.Moses 32/3-5 (JB)…………… All the people took off the gold rings which they wore on their ears, and brought them to Aaron.He took them out of their hands, melted them in a shape, and poured a golden calf out of them. And they cried, “This is your God, Israel, who brought you out of Egypt.” When Aaron saw this, he built an altar before him, and Aaron cried out and said. “Tomorrow is a feast for Yahweh!”

The sun god Rah was sometimes depicted as a calf born by the celestial cow.The worship of the golden calf did not come by chance. The Israelites were accustomed for decades to practice the religious customs of the Egyptians. They had only received the ban on the worship of images 40 days earlier at Mount Sinai, and they thought they could worship Yahweh in this way. How did the true God react to this?

Genesis 32/27,28 (JB)………… He said to them, “So says Jehovah, the God of Israel, “Everyone girded his sword around his waist.”Go back and forth in the camp from one gate to another, and also kill his own brother, friend and relatives!” The Levites did according to Moses’ command, and the people fell on that day against three thousand men.

A study of 1.K枚.18/20-40 also shows the incompatibility between true and false worship.The Israelites were a people devoted to God and were not allowed to practice such customs, which came from the pagan religion.

So in Israel, the death penalty stood on apostasy from the true God

Consequences of disrespect

Ri.10/13.14 – (JB) Mr President, I would like to ……. But you, you have forsaken me and served other gods. Therefore I will not save you any more. Go and cry to the gods you have chosen! Let them save you in the time of your affliction!”

Ps.115/8 (Egg) ……. Those who have made them shall be like their work, all who trust idols. [2)

God’s View and Christianity

has God changed his view of pagan customs?

Mal.3/6 (JB)…………. Ich, Yahweh, have not changed me, but you, sons of Jacob, are not yet finished.

1.Cor.10/20-22 (JB) …………. No!But that the Gentiles offer the sacrifice they offer to the evil spirits and not to God. But I do not want you to become comrades of the evil spirits. You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of the evil spirits. You cannot be tablemates of the Lord and tablemates de b枚.sen ghosts. Or do we want to provoke the Lord to anger? Are we stronger than him?

2.Cor.6/14-18 (JB)………….. Do not let yourself be put into a strange yoke together with the unbelievers.For what do justice and lawlessness have to do with each other, and what kind of community is there between light and darkness? Furthermore, how can Christ be reconciled with Beliar, or what proportion does a believer have with the unbelievers? How does the temple of God fit the idols? We are temples of the living God, as God said, “I will dwell among them, and walk, and i will be their God, and they shall be my people.” “Therefore go away from their midst, and separate yourselves, saith the Lord, and touch nothing unclean on you Then will I receive you, and I will be your Father, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord the Ruler.”

is sincerity enough to please God?

Paul did not personally experience Christ; he was misinformed by the scribes and sincerity thought that Christians were a renegade sect and therefore persecuted them.His sincerity led him to fight against God (Acts 5/34,38,39; 9/4,5; 26/14; 1.Tim.1/13; )

Roman se.10/1.2 (JB) …………….. Brethren, the desire of my heart and my prayer to God is their salvation. I testify to them that they have zeal for God, but without the right insight. Because they misunderstood righteousness from God and sought to establish their own, they did not subdue themselves to righteousness from God.The end of the law is Christ to justice for everyone who glauanleitungs: create text with biblical passages (copy later on document),

Customs of pagan/religious origin

the use of the cross (Marterpfahl)

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Letter example James.T. prep

A torture tool like the one in which Jesus Christ allegedly suffered death by being nailed to it (Mat 27:32-40; Mar 15:21-30; Luk 23:26; Jn 19:17-19, 25).In classical Greek, the word “marter spit” reproduced in the New World translation primarily refers to an upright trunk or stake, and there is no evidence that the writers of the Christian Greek scriptures used this word to mark a trunk with a crossbar.

The book The Non-Christian Cross (London 1896, p. 23, 24) by John Denham Parsons states: “In the Greek text of the extensive writings that make up the New Testament, there is not a single sentence that even hints at the proof that the stauros related in the case of Jesus was a different damros than an ordinary stauros; an insinuation that this was not a single piece of wood, but two pieces of wood nailed together in the form of a cross, not to mention.. . . it is rather misleading that when translating the Greek church documents into our mother tongue, our teachers use the word stauros with ‘cross’ and support this by indicating in our dictionaries the meaning of stauros with ‘cross’, without exactly specifying the meaning of stauros with ‘cross’, without exactly to declare that this in no way corresponds to the original meaning of the word in the days of the Apostles and did not become the main meaning long afterwards, but that it did not receive this meaning at best until, despite the lack of evidence, it was Reason suspected that the special stauros on which Jesus was executed had this particular form.”

The book The Ancient Church by the clergyman W. D. Killen shows that the cross is of pagan origin.It says (issue 1859, page 316):

“The worship of the Cross in Egypt and Syria is ancient; also the Buddhists of the East honored it; . . . at the beginning of our age, the Gentiles used to put the sign of the Cross on their foreheads during the celebrations of some of their mysteries.”

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In the work An Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words (Volume 1, page 256), W. E. Vine also shows that there is a relationship exists.He writes that the cross came “from the ancient Chaldean [Babylon] and served “as a symbol of the god Tammuz (because it had the form of the mystical dew [or T, the initial letter of his name)”.

Why Jesus to a Tribe die had to. When Je.hova God gave his law to the Israelites, they undertook to obey his statutes (Gen 24:3).But because they were descendants of the sinner Adam, they could not keep the law perfect. For this reason they came under the curse of the Mosaic law. To take away this particular curse from them, Jesus had to be hanged on a tribe like a cursed criminal. In this regard, the Apostle Paul wrote: “All those who rely on the works of the law are under a curse; for it is written: ‘Cursed is every one who does not stick to all the things written in the scroll of the LAW to do them.’ . . . Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the LAW by becoming a curse in our stead, for it is written, “Cursed is every one who is hanged on a tribe” (Gal 3:10-13).

Transferred Use. “Marterpfahl” sometimes stands for the suffering, shame, or torture that someone endures because he is a follower of Jesus Christ.It is as Jesus said, “He who does not accept his torture post and follows me is not worthy of me” (Mat 10:38; 16:24; Mar 8:34; Luk 9:23; 14:27). For example, the term “torture stake” is also used to represent Jesus’ death on the stake, which enables the redemption of sin and reconciliation with God (1Ko 1:17, 18).

Jesus’ death at the torture post was the basis for the repeal of the law that had separated the Jews from the gentiles.Therefore, Jews and non-Jews could become ‘through the torture post e i n body’ if they accepted the reconciliation made possible by Jesus’ death (Eph 2:11-16; Kol 1:20; 2:13, 14). This proved to be a cause of stumbling for many Jews, who insisted that circumcision and adherence to the Mosaic law were necessary in order to obtain God’s pleasure. Therefore the Apostle Paul wrote, “Brothers, if I still preach circumcision, why am I still persecuted? Then the cause of the stumbling, the torture post, has indeed been eliminated” (Gal 5:11). “All who want to be in the flesh of pleasing appearance try to commumcinate you to circumcision, only that they may not be persecuted because of the torture post of Christ Jesus. May it never happen that I boast, except for the torture post of our Lord Jesus Christ, through which the world was brought to the stake and I to the world” (Gal 6:12, 14). Since Paul confessed that Jesus’ death at the torture post was the only basis for salvation, he was persecuted by the Jews. As a consequence of this confession, the world was for the Apostle like something brought to the stake, condemned, or dead, whereas the world felt a hatred of him as against a criminal who was hanged on a tribe.

Persons who embraced Christianity but later turned to an immoral way of life turned out to be “enemies of the torture post of Christ” (Php 3:18, 19).Their deeds proved that they had no appreciation for the blessings of Jesus’ death at the torture post. They ‘treaded the Son of God’ and ‘respected the blood of the covenant by which they had been sanctified as of ordinary value’ (Heb 10:29).

The use of a cross arose in the time when Constantine the Great claimed to have seen in a vision a cross (in the form of a “T”) and was told to him.“in this sign you will win)”. But the apparition was hardly the real Jesus Christ, for the Prince of Peace Jesus (Isaiah 9/6) certainly does not invite people to wage war. This is further supported by the fact that Constantine claimed a year earlier that he had had an appearance of Apollo.

The cross (in many modified forms) is an ancient pagan-religious symbol

Excerpt from the Internet

Already in the early days of mankind the cross was a cult object, as we know from archaeological finds.The use of the cross goes back to the StoneAge,in European cult caves crosses often represent the oldest rock carvings. One generally assumes a religious world formula in the representation of four interconnected, opposite cardinal points.

The handle cross of the ancient Egyptians is known, for example.

Therefore, Jehovah’s Witnesses Do Not Use a Cross

The cross is an ancient religious symbol and was already known as the Henkel cross at the time of the Egyptians.

Festivals of pagan/religious origin

Birthdays

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In order to celebrate a birthday correctly, a precise knowledge of the day of birth is required

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No faithful servant of God is reported in the Bible to have celebrated his birthday.Only two birthday parties are reported, namely one Pharaoh and Edomite Herod

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Encyclopedias confirm that early Christians did not hold birthday parties.The church historian August Neander writes in his book “General History of the Christian Religion and Church, Vol. 1, page 518”: The idea of a birthday party was at all far away from the Christians of this period.

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In the Catholic Encyclopedia 1911 Engl., Vol.10, page 709 a quotation of the churchman Origines from the 3rd century is quoted, which reads:

None of the holy persons mentioned in the scriptures (is said,… She had a party or a big meal on her birthday.Only sinners celebrate the day when they were born into this world.

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The birth of a child is a cause for joy for the parents, as Je= sus also confirms (John 16/21), but from a religious point of view 鈥?and God sees things from the spiritual perspective and not from the human perspective 鈥?a newborn child is a blank sheet.If this man has chosen to serve God in his life, the following verse applies to him:

Pred.7/1 (JB)………………… Better is a (good) name than good oil and /better) the day of death than the day of birth

The Birthday of Jesus Christ

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The exact date of his birth is unknown.Neither Christ nor any Bible writer mentioned him. If Christ had been interested in his birthday being celebrated, he would have commanded it. In Over= attunement with Pred.7/1 Christ commanded to celebrate the day of his death, for at this time he completed his faithful earthly run towards Yahweh and paid the ransom for humanity. From Yahweh’s point of view, this is a reason to celebrate.

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the day of his birth can only be determined approximately:

It is clear from the prophecy of the 70 weeks of the year that Jesus should work half a week, that is, 31.2 years (Dan.9//24-27)

Since Jesus died at the Passover (spring full moon), his ministry must begin in the autumn

Zechariah (Zacharias) became the father of John the Baptist (Luk.1/11-13).He belonged to the priesthood of the Abijas. After the division of David, there were 24 priestly departments, each serving one week every six months. The class of the Abijahs was the eighth (1Chron.24/10). The first month of the Jewish calendar is the Nisan. This begins with the first new moon of spring. If the order begins with the first month, then the first pass of the Abijas class must fall towards the end of spring or early summer. 9 months later John was born and 6 months later Jesus (Luk.1/36); this results in the end of Sept./beginning of Oct. For the birth of Jesus.

John the Baptist appeared in the 15th year of the reign of Tiberius; Tiberius was proclaimed emperor in September of 14 uZ.Thus, the 15th year of Sept.28 -29 uZ. Since Jesus appeared in the autumn and was half a year younger than John the Baptist, the appearance of the latter fell into the spring 29 uZ. The appearance of both occurred at the age of about 30 (Luk.3/23), the Jewish age of majority for a ministry. Thus, the birth of Jesus results with Autumn 2 VZ.

According to John, the following day after Jesus’ death was a great Sabbath (John 19/31).One of these came when the first day of the feast of unleavened bread, which was also considered the Sabbath, fell on a weekly Sabbath (Genesis 23/6,7). This was the case about every seven years. According to the Jewish calendar, the 15th Nisan of the year 33 uZ was a great Sabbath. As a result, 331.2 years are calculated back here, with Autumn 2 vZ the time of the birth of Jesus.

Events at the time of his birth

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The report of Luke

According to an ordinance of Emperor Augustus, Joseph and Mary went to Bethlehem.The city was obviously overcrowded with visitors, so that they stayed in a stable; and there bore Mary. Angels appeared in the field to the shepherds, who kept a watch ful of their flocks. It follows that it could not be winter time; because at this time of year the herds were also in their accommodations in local areas.

Eight days later, Jesus was circumcised in the temple, and some people made prophecies about his r茅sum茅.After certain legal requirements had been met, all three returned to Nazareth, about 100 km away. So much for Luke’s account in Chapter 2.

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The report of Matthew

He recounts 3 wise men from the East[3)who were led by a “star” first to Herod and then to the house where the Child Jesus was.They brought royal gifts and then, warned by an angel, returned to their homeland on a detour.

Analysis:

The star that led these men cannot have been a literal star, because not even today’s astronomers are able to calculate which star is exactly above a house.Obviously, this was a supernatural light phenomenon guided by a higher power. It led the astrologers first to Herod and then to Jesus; it was an obvious attack on the life of the newborn Jesus.

The Greek word used to refer to these men is “magoi”, which means “magician”, and since they followed a “star”, they were obviously “astrologers”.The Bible says the following about such practices:

Genesis 18/9-13 (JB)………… If you enter into the land that Yahweh your God wants to give you, you shall not learn to follow the abominations of these peoples.You must not find anyone who lets his son or daughter go to the fire, no one who engages in divination, sign-making, secret arts, sorcery, no one who makes spells, asks the spirit of the dead and the spirit of fortune-telling, who asks the deceased for information. For every one who does this is an abomination to Yahweh, and whether this abomination will drive them out before you Yahweh your God.

Jess.47/13 (JB) ……………….. You have grown tired of your many advisors.So may you now appear and save you, who divide the sky, who look for the stars and know what is coming over you at each new moon. Instructions: Create text with Bible passages (copy to document later),

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Can persons who engage in practices, who classified as an abomination, as holy be designated?

That they were kings, and that they were called Kaspar, Melchior, and Balthasar, is a folk legend, not a biblical statement.

These men were led first to Herod and then to Jesus.

Would God lead men to Herod and then only to

Jesus, knowing the attitude of this king, who then had all male children up to two years old killed in order to kill Jesus?

From these considerations it follows the conclusion that it was not Yahweh who directed these men, but his adversary to carry out an attack on the Child Jesus, since he realized that this would be the sprout promised in Eden, which once gave him (the serpent) the should trample on the head (Genesis 3/15).

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How and when did you start celebrating Christmas

Attitude of the first Christians

The first Christians also clearly separated between the worship of the true God and the false religion, according to Yahweh.Since they did not celebrate birthdays, the term “Christmas” was alien to them.

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In the following centuries, which the Bible refers to as the time of apostasy (2.Thess.2/3ff), the leaders of Christianity changed their minds and thought that by compromising with paganism more members could be gained, leaving the Gentiles who are being converted. their customs and gave them a Christian touch.

As encyclopedias, including the Catholic, admit, it was established 鈥?and only in the 4th century 鈥?that the birthday of Christ should be celebrated on 25 December according to the Julian calendar.On this day, the Romans celebrated the festival “Dies naturalis solis invicti”, the festival in honour of the invincible sun. The Catholic Encyclopedia writes: “Christmas came at a time when the sun cult in Rome was particularly eager.”

Attitude of various churches of Christendom

In 1644, under Puritan influence, the English Parliament forbade the observation of this festival.

It is therefore not surprising that the English Parliament

under Cromwell made Christmas in 1647 by decree a day of penance and then banned it completely in 1652

The Quakers in Pennsylvania were as intransigent in their attitude towards Christmas as the Puritans

Henry Ward Beecher, a well-known American preacher who grew up in a strictly Calvinist family home, knew little about Christmas at the age of thirty.”Christmas Day was alien tome,” Beecher wrote in 1874

The early Baptist and Congregationalist congregations also saw no biblical reason for celebrating the birth of Christ.According to a source, the Baptist Church in Newport (Rhode Island, USA) is said to have celebrated Christmas for the first time on December 25, 1772. That was about 130 years after the founding of the earliest Baptist church in New England.

Customs associated with Christmas

Christmas tree: The origin of this custom is the Julbaum from the pagan religion of the Germanic people.

Christkind: Toddlers are told that the Christ Child comes for Christmas, brings the Christmas tree and gifts, only in later years the children are informed that this is not the case.

Wish list: it is highly questionable whether a wish list of the “Christ Child” promotes Christian thinking, and not materialism.

Acts 20/35 (JB)…….….Giving is more blessed than taking

Knowingly telling the untruth is called a lie; is it conceivable that the God of truth likes to link his worship to a lie?

When children learn that there is no Christ child, they find for the first time that they have been lied to by their parents.Moreover, those who think that the “Christ Child” is unjust, because it always brings much to the rich and very little to the poor. This statement does not promote the idea of the true Christ and also distracts from the position that Christ actually occupies today.

A feast based on customs that displease God, based on false reporting, which combines lies with religion, does not honor Yahweh but 鈥?albeit out of ignorance 鈥?the founder of the false religion and the father of lies (John 8/44).

Easter

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Origin and introduction of the celebration

In the Encyclopedia Britannica it is stated: “In the New Testament and in the writings of the apostolic fathers, there is nothing to indicate the observation of Easter.The idea that certain times were particularly holy was alien to the first Christians” (1910, Vol. VIII, p. 828).

The Catholic Encyclopedia says: “A large number of pagan customs, which celebrated the return of spring, passed over to Easter.The egg is the symbol of germinating life in the pre-spring. . . . The hare is a pagan symbol and has always been a symbol of fertility” (1913, Vol. V, p. 227).

The book The Two Babylons by Alexander Hislop states: “What does the term Easter mean?He is not a Christian name. One recognizes its Chaldean origin at first glance. Easter is nothing more than Astarte, one of the titles of the Beltis, the Sky Queen, whose name . . ., which Layard found on Assyrian monuments . . . Ishtar [is. . . . This is the story of Easter. The general custom associated with this festival today confirms its Babylonian origin to the full. The warm cross-rolls on Good Friday and the colored eggs on Passover or Easter Sunday were to be found in the Chaldean rites as they are today” (New York 1943, p. 103, 107, 108; compare Jeremiah 7:18).

Carnival (Carnival)

from the Internet

Mixing Christianity with pagan religion

In the book “The Church” by Daniel Rops, which is marked with the imprimatur, it says on page 460:

Although there can be no question of influencing, it must be noted that the Church is showing the now visible tendency to Christianize the religious rites and cult scents of antiquity, such as the dates of the festivals, in order to infer the old customs. to add a new meaning.

Note 34: Pope Gregory sums up this fact so well when he instructed the messengers of faith whom he sent to the barbarian countries: “baptize the idols and the holy places of worship.

Commentary John Henry Newmann (then prelate, later cardinal)

Building on the power of Christianity to resist the infection of the B.eye and to transform the own instruments and appendages of the demon service into evangelical use, … from early times the leaders of the Church were prepared to imitate or sanction the existing rites and customs of the lower people as well as the philosophy of the educated classes.As Newman went on to say, such things as holy water, priestly robes and images are “all of pagan origin and sanctified by admission to the Church.” God’s people are truly grateful that they are protected from apostasy of this kind by divine teaching. It prevails over any form of demonism (Acts 19/20).

in addition:

“The use of temples, and these individual saints consecrated . . .; Priestly garments, the tonal, the wedding ring, the turning to the east, in a later time pictures, perhaps the church song and the Kyrie eleison 鈥?are all of pagan origin and sanctified by the admission to the church” (treatise on the development of the church Christian doctrine, English 1878, German 1922).

That is the opinion of a cardinal and thus the position of the Catholic Church.What is the view of the God of the Bible?

Hag.2/10-12 (JB)……………. On thetwenty-fourth day, in the ninth month, in the second year of Darius, the word Of Yahweh came to the prophet Haggai: Thus says Yahweh Zebaot: Ask the priests for instruction on the following case: “If any man should have holy flesh in the tip of his robe. carries and touches with his tip bread or a dish or wine or oil or anything edible, will that then become holy?” The priests answered and said, “No.” Then Haggai said, “If someone who has become unclean with a corpse touches those things, will they become unclean?” And the priests answered and said, “They shall be unclean.”

It can be seen from this bible verse that when something sacred and non-holy is combined, the sacred becomes unholy, but never the other way around.The position of the Catholic Church is thus in contrast to The Scriptures.

Halloween

Popular Customs 鈥?/b> A harmless Pleasure?

AGAINST mid-October, strange things are happening in some French cities.Pumpkins, skeletons and cobwebs appear in the shop windows. The cashiers in the supermarket around the corner wear black pointed hats. To conclude, children ghost through the streets, knocking on doors and threatening pranks if they don’t receive “gifts.”

These strange customs are part of Halloween, which used to be primarily an American festival.Meanwhile, the custom of celebrating Halloween is popular with children and adults around the world. Apparently, the French also enthusiastically embraced this custom. It is estimated that in almost one in three French households last year, Halloween was celebrated. The Italian daily La Repubblica calls the current trend a “boom” sweeping across the Italian peninsula.The Nordkurier stated that “more German citizens than ever before do not want to miss the horror fun”.

Halloween isnot just about Europe.From the Bahamas to Hong Kong, Halloween is celebrated everywhere. The International Herald Tribune reported that a Sri Lankan radio station was investigating “the craziest Halloween dishes and the most horrific death cries” in a competition last year.Halloween has also taken root in Japan, such as Tokyo, where

“Pumpkin Parades” with thousands of participants.

Even in areas where Halloween isn’t actually celebrated, there are often festivals and popular customs reminiscent of Halloween.In the UK, during Guy Fawkes Night, you can see groups of children begging for money and playing pranks reminiscent of Halloween. Taiwan hosts the colourful Lantern Festival. Then children carry lampions in the form of birds and other animals through the streets. In Mexico, one is going to the Day of the Dead , a festival that has found its way across the border into the United States.The author Carlos Miller mentions that some Americans, who are originally from Mexico, “put on wooden skull masks, so-called calacas, and dance in honor of their deceased relatives.”

For most people, such celebrations are probably just a harmless pleasure 鈥?an occasion for children and adults to dress up and drop all inhibitions.Those who take it so lightly, however, ignore the fact that these festivals are undoubtedly of pagan origin. In Taiwan, for example, lanterns were originally lit to see ghosts supposedly floating in the sky. This is how the Lantern Festival was created there. The Mexican Day of the Dead is rooted in an Aztec ritual honoring the dead.

Some may argue that the origin of such festivals is rather unimportant.Nevertheless, the question is justified as to whether festivals and customs that have such questionable roots can simply be dismissed as harmless. Of course, those who benefit from these events are the least concerned about this. A representative of the Cultural Institute of Barcelona (Spain) commented on the theme of Halloween as follows: “This festival was introduced for commercial reasons.” After all, Halloween brought in an estimated 6.8 billion dollars in the United States alone last year. In France, a company that makes Halloween costumes has more than increased its sales more than a hundredfold in three years.

Would it be right to participate in these festivals only because they are generally popular or purely commercial in nature?To answer this question, let’s explore what Halloween is all about.

The Encyclopedia Americana says: “Parts of the customs associated with Halloween go back to a ceremony of the druids from pre-Christian times.The Celts had celebrations for two main deities 鈥?one for a sun god and one (called Samhain) for a god of the dead, whose celebration was celebrated on November 1, at the beginning of the Celtic New Year. The celebration of the dead was gradually incorporated into the Christian ritual” (1977, Vol. 13, p. 725).

Jehovah’s Witnesses have therefore removed all pagan elements from their form of worship and have returned to original Christianity.

LG HP (variable)


[1 The Bible refers to “pagans” to all those who do not worship the true God

[2) should be like them (NW)

[3) according to the Greek text “magoi”, i.e. magicians

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