What cultural contacts existed between Romans and Germans?

Is more than often realized, but in some cases it is difficult to prove.

Ever seen this?

It is fossil resin, also called Amber.

It is an amorphous rock and a combustible semi-precious stone. It is very rare and mostly it is found on the coast of the Baltic Sea.

Those areas in present-time Poland and the east of Germany were in the hands of several Germanic tribes.It is generally assumed that the trade in amber was wholly owned by Germanic tribes, so neither Celts nor Romans. However, several finds from the early Republican period have found amber pendants and jewels, which were worn by Roman women. In fact, what this means is that there were already early trade contacts between Romans and Germans and thus also cultural exchange.

(Photo from Hettema芒 鈧劉 s Historical School Atlas)

Also at the time of the Empire under Hadrian there was trade in horses, feather down, animal skins and women’s hair.

As you can see in many cultures nowadays that women have their hair blunder, it was popular among Roman women to use her extensions, of blond hair to understand.

Although the Romans had withdrawn early to the other side of the Rhine, that was not the case everywhere.The Alemannen, a Germanic tribe in the south of the present Germany, sat within the Limes. According to Roman sources, worship seems to have been popular with a god who was known to the Romans as the demigod Hercules, among the ancient Greeks known as Heracles.

The Batavias, another Germanic tribe, have been auxilia in several Roman legions, and some of them have been given Roman citizenship at some point.

Even in today’s Denmark finds have been found coming from looted after battles against the Romans.

Already in the second century for the current calendar there have been Germanic raids in Gaul (present-day France) and in Hispani毛 (present-day Spain).Many of these raids have been defeated by Roman legions as soon as they were on Roman territory, but it is plausible that, under subsequent Celtic provinces, mixing has taken place with Germanans and thus also Germanic use Taken over by the Romans.

In the 4th century there were already several alliances with Germanic tribes, some of which were also used as ally in the struggle with the Huns.

What is certain is that the Romans in the later empire have taken over from Germanans and especially of the Goths, the Lombards, Franks and vandals, such as trousers, although the Romans who already knew of the Celts and Perzen.And vice versa are also use inherited from the Romans. The word Emperor originates from the Roman title Imperator and was used in many early medieval kingdoms as a writing language.

In the beginning the only exchange between Romans and Germanen consisted only of weapon clatter.According to Roman writings, the river Rhine was the external boundary of Roman civilization. On the opposite side of the river were the Barbarians, who had an incomprehensible lifestyle and did not have to communicate, because the language was incomprehensible. Now the Romans had the tactics to make contacts through trade and to civilize the barbarians. The Romans had a lot of nuisance from the Germans who regularly overcame the river and attacked the Roman settlements to plunder them.

Through the trade, the Romans managed to get conquered peoples under their sphere of influence.This is called Romanization. This can be compared to a marketing strategy that is also working today, focusing on trendsetters, after which the trend is taken over by the trend followers. First of all, contacts were made with the Germanic chiefs and other groups that could exert influence within the tribe. Trade was driven and they in turn took over some use to strengthen their position in relation to the Romans. After that, other tribal members, following their leaders and examples, also took parts of Roman culture or mixed Roman culture with their own culture. This also happened in the religious field. Romans and Germanen attendants of many gods. It was therefore easy for them to survive or exchange.

In the border areas, was clearly a blending of both cultures and more and more germanes are taking in the Roman army.There they were considered as allies without civil rights, the so-called foederati. This took refuge in the fact that the Roman army counted more Germans than Romans at some point. This led Odokar, son of Edeko, a tribal chief of the East Germanic tribe de Sikrien, to create a revolt in the Roman army, which consisted mainly of Germanic mercenaries. As a result of this rebellion, Emperor Romulus Augustulus was eventually deposited. This momentum is seen as the end of the Western Roman Empire and the beginning of the Middle Ages.

Germans were barbarians and there was nothing culturally to expect from them.

I think they were mostly unilateral.Sons of Chieftains as hostages in Rome after concluding alliances, such as 芒 鈧?艙Arminius芒 鈧?(Siegfried) there was one.

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