The Pope has both worlful power and religious power.The worlful power of the pope is virtually nothing today but in the Middle Ages it was significantly more.
The Pope was the leader of papal territories in Italy and Avignon.
He also had political power the Crusades were not religious ventures at all, because get Christianity has no violence in her teachings.
The Shisma of the Lutherans of the Catholic Church and the subsequent Calvinists ensured that Koningshuizem no longer had to listen to the pope, which reduced his power.
In Italy There were wars during the unification of the Kingdom of Italy and the pope lost almost all his territory.
Rather logical: People no longer believe in governments and fixed rules.”I but hwhat I am wool” is a Frisian expression that reflects this well. → We make our own rules though. Who do you think you are to tell me what to do. That kind of idea.
If even God’s rules are ignored and rewritten, why would people still listen to a pope?
In formal power, the papacy has indeed deteriorated.But in informal power but little. Especially Pope John Paul 2 was a master in exercising that sort of power.
I think the first big blow was the Reformation, there were also cracks within the RKK, but they were usually pushed down quite quickly.
The fact that this did not succeed with the Protestants resulted in two power blocks and ultimately a kind of balance of power.When the RKK dominated the West, monarchs often did not have enough power to go against the pope, but after the Reformation the pope had to pay a lot more attention to his count. If he bumped a monarch too much he ran the risk of sending his country in the direction of the Reformation.
I am not faithful, but I am convinced that breaking the sole rule of the RKK in the west by the Reformation and the balance of power that followed has opened the way for religious freedom.
Better education, religious freedom and less social pressure mean that in the western countries the influence of the church decreases rapidly.
In my opinion, the tolerance of the RKK (and others) is inversely proportional to their power.
I do not know in what period you are referring exactly, but depending on this there are several reasons that the power of the Papacy/Catholic Church took off.
Firstly, it is the Eastern schism of 1054, which was the conclusion of a centuries-long widening gap between Christians from Eastern Europe (from then eastern Orthodox) and the Catholic Church.
Then there is the investiture struggle, the power struggle between emperors of the Holy Roman Empire and several popes, where the German emperors regularly appointed Anti-popes, these were mostly boyfriends of the emperor, whom he with means as bribery under the Thumb.The investiture struggle was indeed won by the Papacy, but showed that the power of the pope was not as great as previously imagined. A good example of this is also the Western Schism. (1387 – 1417)
One hundred years further, in 1517, the Reformation begins, which in my opinion is the main reason for taking the power of the papacy.As millions of Catholics passed on different movements of Protestantism, the Catholic Church lost a large part of its followers.
Later, during the Scientific Revolution and enlightenment, an increase in knowledge and new philosophical dendroses over the world ensured that many people went to believe less severely in the church and Christianity, which ensured that the power of the Pope further took off.
Then we finally arrive in the twentieth century, atrocities in the two world wars make sure that many who fought and suffered have lost their faith in God.Furthermore, many countries (including traditionally severely Catholic countries such as Poland and Cuba) came under Communism, and under Communism the faith was officially abolished because in the Communist salvation State there would be no place for faith. In the second half of the last century, this was a fact: the debasement occurred which meant that a large proportion of the population of the Western world was no longer engaged In faith. This is a result of modern society, a society in which ignorance continues to decline and many are too critically set to believe in God.
Note that while the debasement in the majority of the Western world began in the last century, not only the current Western world is Catholic. The Catholic Church is still very popular in areas such as Latin America and Africa and will probably remain for a while, so these areas provide the Catholic Church with a large proportion of the followers, and are thus an important source of the current Power of the Pope.Indeed, the power of the papacy lies in the number of Catholic Christians, the more Catholics, the more power for the papacy. The pope derives his power from the fact that people believe in him.