In Central America, the Aztecs took part in a series of wars called “flower wars” around 1500.While in normal wars the territory changed, civilians died and armies did everything they could to win, the flower wars were very different.
In these wars there were almost no civilian casualties, no territorial changes, no sieges and no decisive military operations.
A flower war would begin when military leaders from both sides met to discuss the war.
They would determine the rules for the war, when and where the battles would be fought and how many troops each side would bring.
On the day of the battle, each side would appear with the same number of troops.They each performed religious ceremonies and prepared for the battle to begin.
The Aztecs were known as some of the sharpest warriors in Central America.During a normal battle, they used a variety of weapons, including darts, slingshots, spears, clubs, and bows, to defeat the enemy. Normally, an Aztec army consisted of well-trained nobles and armed peasants who served as the backbone of the army.
During the flower wars, it was different.
The Aztecs did not compulsorilate the peasants to take part in the war, but relied almost exclusively on nobles or those with influential upbringing. The weapons involved in each battle were almost exclusively limited to melee weapons. Neither side was allowed to bring long-range weapons into battle.
The fight would begin with the two sides rushing in.Unlike a normal war, there was usually no general who ordered his troops into a complex series of formations. The goal was not to win the battle through tactics, strategy, or advanced weapons. The goal was to defeat the enemy through skill and individual strength
Since both sides arrived with equal numbers and all the initial conditions were the same, the winner was, at least in theory, the one who had the best soldiers.
In many ways, this war could be compared to a modern sports match, albeit much more dangerous and deadly.
Flower fighting usually resulted in fewer deaths than in normal fights, and it was more common for someone to be captured.
When they were captured, the person’s fate depended heavily on their social position. If they were born by nobles, they were more likely to be released. If they were of lower rank, they could be enslaved or sacrificed to the Sun God.
The victorious side of a flower war would receive boastful rights, prisoners, and combat experience the next time they decide to take part in a fight.
After the arrival of the Spaniards, Tlaxcala, one of the Long-Time Enemies of the Aztecs in the “Flower War”, allied himself with the Spaniards in order to actually defeat the Aztecs.