Yes, there are many borders around the world… Not all international borders are straightforward, straight lines that separate one country from another.In reality, a political map shows what a mess these borders can be – often invisible, but occasionally obvious.
You will find countries that are surrounded on all sides by other countries, and countries that are scattered throughout other countries.
There are borders that express themselves as painted lines that divide villages – the line between Belgium and the Netherlands even passes through houses and cafes – and those that rise 29,029 above sea level.
Where past and future meet
Two and a half miles separate the islands of Little Diomede and Big Diomede.The latter is Russian and completely uninhabited, while the former belongs to the United States and has about 150 very robust inhabitants. The space between the two diomedes doubles as an unusual international border and the international date line. According to Mental Floss, the locals on Little Diomede can spend their Friday at the Big Diomede on the weekend.
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An Italian enclave that is mainly Swiss
At first glance, you might think that you are in Switzerland: Campione d’Italia has a Swiss area code, Swiss emergency services and uses the Swiss franc.
But this is an Italian enclave, surrounded by Switzerland and the Lugan Prealps.
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The world’s largest enclave
As a kingdom completely surrounded by South Africa, Lesotho is considered the largest enclave on earth.
It stretches over 11,720-square miles and has a population of about two million.
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A possible four-point
According to reports, there is only one place in the world where four countries meet at a single point.
This so-called quadro point (which many claim consists of only two tripodes) can be found at the crossroads of Zmbia, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Botswana.
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A nature reserve
There is a buffer between North Korea and South Korea, known as the Korean Demilitarized Zone.
More than half a century after its foundation in 1953, this 2.5-mile-wide and 155-mile-long route has become a nature reserve. Both countries have worked together to protect the rare wildlife that flourished in this undeveloped corridor. NBC News reports that endangered cranes and even rare Siberian tigers have appeared alongside deer, gors and wild boars.
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The smallest republic in the world
If you visit the oldest, smallest republic in the world, you will completely devour it in Italy.
The Republic of San Marino is an enclave, as is Vatican City. After crossing the quirky border, you can get one of the coolest stamps in the world.
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A very confusing village
More than a patchwork quilt than a village, the territory of Baarle is divided by Belgium and the Netherlands, with seven Dutch exclaves in some 22 Belgian exclaves (Baarle-Hertog) scattered across the Dutch territory (Baarle-Nassau).
Here the border is pretty literal, with white crosses and land indicators seemingly deserted running through cafes and houses. The nationality of a building is determined by the location of the front door. As NPR hilariously observed, you can cross five international boundaries here in just 60 seconds – without getting into a sweat.
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Country belongs to no one
While most countries argue over land claims, Africa has an 800-square-mile piece of land that belongs to no one.
Bir Tawil is wedged between Egypt and Sudan, and neither country wants to claim the small, lawless, uninhabited piece of desert. This would be to officially renounce the fertile Hala’ib Triangle. The maps of each country show the border differently.
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The world’s highest international border
To follow the international border between Nepal and tibet Autonomous Region – part of China – you have to climb the highest mountain in the world.
This border divides Mount Everest at its peak: more than 29,000 feet above sea level.
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An extinct third-order enclave
Until August 2015, the Indian enclave of Dahala Khagrabi was surrounded by a Bangladeshi enclave surrounded by an Indian enclave in Bangladesh.
As interesting as these cartographic curiosities are, they can be a nightmare for their inhabitants. Finally, you may need to enter a foreign country just to visit the market. A land swap in 2015, reported by The WashingtonPost, ended the world’s only third-order enclave by allowing citizens to take new citizenship or retain and relocate their original citizenship.
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This disused railway
The Venbahn, a former German railway line, landed in Belgium after the Treaty of Versailles.
At the same time, six German exclaves and a Belgian enclave were created within a three-way intersection of German roads.
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A misplaced lighthouse
Between Finland and Sweden, at the point where the Baltic Sea flows into the Gulf of Bothwhere, there is a special island.
M盲rket Island (Swedish for “border markers”) should be clean in the middle. But a Finnish lighthouse built on the Swedish side of M盲rket (when Finland was controlled by Russia) violated the border. To correct the error, the border across Market is now zapping wildly back and forth.