The best “pair” Linux distributions FOR WHAT?
Linux is not an operating system, but an operating system core or kernel.So if you compare on the same level, all distributions would perform equally in a fair comparison!
In conjunction with the core, different programs and features are used for different purposes.Which makes Linux very versatile.
The reason why there are so many distributions is because someone was not satisfied with the existing options and made adjustments for their own purpose.This person usually knows other people who have similar interests and also see advantages in the new compilation. So DISTRIBUTED (English: “distribute”) this person then the new compilation to other users. Ergo => Linux DISTRIBUTIONS.
The strength of Linux lies in its diversity and adaptability for many different purposes.That’s why there are so many different distributions.
Debian is stable, Ubuntu has good hardware support, Red Hat is an enterprise level server operating system with appropriate support, Fedora is a live test environment for Red Hat developers to keep the servers clean and stable,…
The question is therefore too general to be answered in general.Above all, most of the answers will be based on opinion. Not on objective comparisons.
An example of this is Linux Mint.Linux Mint is extremely popular and is therefore considered one of the best Linux distributions ever. However, this is based on a false assumption.
Users unfamiliar with Linux expect Linux to be difficult to use and completely different from Windows.They expect you to learn everything from scratch.
In fact, Linux is also developed and used by humans.In Linux there are also bars, a network icon, the time, a window bar, a menu with programs,…
In fact, there are many programs available for Windows, including Linux.Firefox, Chromium (Chrome), VLC Player, LibreOffice, Thunderbird, Skype, Dropbox, Gimp, Krita,… and many more.
In some ways, Linux is even easier to use than Windows.Linux, for example, installs the most important drivers from home in most cases, it does not need activation, an antivirus is helpful, but not necessarily or. immediately necessary, and even if an antivirus program is often supplied (clamav, clamtk), Linux is easier to install and, depending on the distribution, often installs most programs for daily use during installation with,… Etc. Etc.
Back to Mint.Since most users expect Linux to be completely different and difficult to use, this is a high hurdle. Linux Mint is now adapted to look very similar to Windows. Therefore, inexperienced users expect that it is much easier to use and that the entry hurdle is not so high.
In fact, this is a false assumption.Mate has, for example, original one bar at the top and a bar at the bottom. The bottom bar serves as a window bar that also includes the trash and virtual desktop switch. The top bar is largely the same as the bar in Windows. On the right is the time and under the system symbols you can find e.g. the network symbol for the wireless networks. On the left you will find the menu with various programs, including system management. The menu is even categorized. So how much harder is it to find these things up instead of down?
In fact, Linux Mint has many disadvantages compared to other distributions.It puts a strain on the system, is slower, less stable, it has a smaller community than the parent distribution, Ubuntu. In addition, Like Ubuntu, Mint has problems with upgrades…
And the truth is that a lot of distributions use a interface similar to Windows’s.For example, various KDE options. That was already the case in the ’90s! SuSE, for example, already looked Windows-like in the ’90s!
Still, what I call the “Mint Effect” happens: since inexperienced users consider the entry hurdle to be lower, many try Mint and realize that it’s far easier than they initially expected.In addition, Mint is still lighter than Windows and still brings many advantages compared to Windows. The result is that they fall in love with Mint, so to speak, and Mint is now the best distribution of all.
And that is exactly what is reflected in various votes and recommendations.
Unfortunately, this information is based on a false assumption.Because no one takes the trouble to compare apples with apples, as Linux with Linux and to test the distributions on the same level against each other.
And I didn’t just do that.In the English language area, I have partly reported on the results of this. And which distributions at this level, according to my tests, are the better options.
It should be noted that there is no perfect solution for every user and for all purposes.On the contrary. In my view, the basic philosophy of development today is completely wrong. 90,000 out of 100,000 programmers today (according to the well-known survey) say that they prefer to publish the faulty part first and correct errors later. User-friendliness and utility is neglected for the benefit of optics, etc.
nevertheless… if you look at various votes, a clear picture emerges, which is currently the generally best solution ordistributions.
And this is clear according to various votes… ARCH LINUX!
Yes, Arch Linux.
The catch: Arch Linux looks very intimidating for many users.It does not offer a live system for a trial run and, contrary to many other and beginner-friendly options, Arch does not hide the installation in the background, but it takes place in front of the user’s eyes. Arch expects the user to engage with Linux and perform the steps manually in the console. In return, a good learning experience and solid basic knowledge are offered.
I myself first used Linux around 1997.At that time SuSE for a few years. Later for a few years Ubuntu.
I installed Arch Linux a few years ago.However, not to change. But purely for the learning effect.
In the long run, however, it has become the point that Arch Linux was the far better solution than the formerly used Ubuntu.That’s why Arch Linux runs with me today on a good 10 devices for all kinds of purposes. All clean, stable, reliable. My DNS caching server, for example, is now running… we have many power outages here and usually 6 months is the natural limit… 20 hours and 14 minutes.
Arch runs with me on computers, my notebook, a netbook, several Raspberries, currently an Odroid device, two Banana Pis, I once installed it on a Bay Trail device with 32 bit start files and 64 bit core…
Arch Linux is extremely versatile.Despite the many purposes for which I use it, I have almost never been outside of the standard repos (in this case incl. Community Repository) searched by Arch for software. Arch Linux also offers very good hardware support.
The documentation of Arch Linux is very accurate and practical.Arch Linux offers versatile features but is still relatively lightweight. For example, my current Arch Setup, although used more often and for more than Ubuntu, includes more than 1800 packages less than Ubuntu installed as part of an upgrade.
The performance of Arch is corresponding.And unlike many other distributions, the upgrades just always work. Whether it’s 7 upgrades every day or (house number) once a month.
This list goes on and on.Arch is clearly one of the best Linux distributions ever. And for me, there is still nothing that comes close to it.
And this experience is confirmed by many votes.
For example, Arch Linux is the most recommended Destkop operating system AND the most recommended Linux distribution for desktop on Slant.Arch Linux is one of only 2 operating systems with a 5/5 rating for Power Users on TechRadar. Also on DistroWatch is Arch Linux in the ratings at number 2.
It should be noted that the second operating system with a 5/5 rating for Power User is Gentoo.However, Gentoo compiles most programs away from the source code. What I think is a waste of time if you don’t become a system developer or you don’t want to be a system developer. extensive modifications in some places in the source codes. Otherwise, Gentoo would be an interesting alternative. That’s why it’s ranked 3rd on DistroWatch.
And at number 1 on DistroWatch is Slackware.But this is hard to understand. This brings us to the beginning of the answer that these assessments are often based on opinion, not comparison.
Slackware is known for having relatively limited software repositories and, above all, problems with package dependencies.So it’s puzzling how it achieves the highest rating on DistroWatch. Slackware doesn’t fare so well in other reviews, e.g. on TechRadar and Slant.
At Arch Linux, however, everyone agrees.
And the truth is that the Arch installation is just unfamiliar.But not as difficult as many users believe. Like much of life, it’s just a matter of practice.
In the long run, you get an extremely reliable, powerful and versatile operating system and solid basic knowledge.
So the question you should ask yourself is whether you prefer to choose something that is easy to install at first, but has many disadvantages in the long run.Or whether you prefer to invest a few days to learn the basics properly and get a solid solution in return in the long run.
By the way, Arch Linux has another disadvantage besides the unusual installation.Unlike many other distributions, it does not offer a live system to test Arch Linux.
The next best option, according to my tests, is Manjaro.
Manjaro is based on Arch Linux and is user- ormore beginner than Arch Linux.
Manjaro has shown himself to be solid and reliable in my tests.It is powerful and offers a rich feature set.
Manjaro is therefore promising and, according to the tests, is likely to be the next best option.
The catch is that Manjaro is holding back upgrades.The intention is to make Arch Linux more stable.
Ironically, I never really had problems with the stability of Arch Linux.However, users of Manjaro sometimes complain that Manjaro is behind with security upgrades and occasionally fails to upgrade and Manjaro subsequently causes problems. is no longer functional.
It should be noted, however, that these are rather exceptional cases and most users are quite satisfied with Manjaro.Manjaro therefore typically performs quite well in many reviews and is most likely to find himself in the upper ratings.
The more interesting question is probably more likely to be which graphical interface to use.
As a power user, I am probably not an optimal example for the average user with I3.
The graphic interface is in itself primarily a matter of taste.It determines above all the optics, but also the basic handling and the basic user-friendliness.
Although used in the past (compulsory), I am not a fan of KDE today and certainly not of Cinnamon.
Cinnamon is developed by Mint vendors.Accordingly, the interface is slow and unreliable and is hardly used by other users and distributions.
KDE is popular.However, KDE is not particularly lightweight and KDE uses its own collection of application programs that behave less friendly in environments other than KDE.
Gnome is significantly different from most other options in terms of operation and is more oriented towards mobile devices.That’s a matter of taste. Unfortunately, Gnome is also not so lightweight.
One option I typically recommend to beginners is mate.Mate offers enough customization options, is easy to use and also very stable.
XFCE, for example, is an obvious and popular alternative.XFCE offers more customization options. In my experience, XFCE is less stable than Mate and the options are nice but not really necessary.
A very easy-footed alternative is Openbox.Openbox is not a full desktop environment (desktop environment or DE for short), but actually a window manager. In its form, Openbox offers only 4 virtual desktops and a shortcut menu for the right click in the basic configuration. This is very easy to configure using an XML file and here you can also set shortcut shortcuts for commands. Otherwise, there are no bars in the basic form and the background image must be loaded via other programs such as typically feh.
Openbox is very lightweight for this very reason.And it can be extended to the full DE. For example, as in the corresponding option of Manjaro.
Personally, I use I3 in everyday life. I3 is a “tiling window manager” that arranges windows more or less automatically and is mainly operated via the keyboard.This is probably not a solution for beginners.
However, I also use Openbox on network devices.On Raspberries, for example, these configurations load the memory in the basic equipment with around 60MB. With a bar such as Tint2, the base load is around 100MB.
An interesting alternative is Manjaro JWM.However, this is not official. Therefore, possibly in development behind and less advisable. JWM originally comes unconfigured and is actually one of the most lightweight options of all. In practice, however, according to experience, it typically weighs a little heavier than Openbox. Nevertheless, Manjaro JWM has shown itself to be an interesting option in the tests.
I think that should be enough to start with.
In short: Arch is the top variant.Manjaro is probably the next best option for easier entry and testing. The graphic interface is more of a matter of taste. But mate is always a good option. Openbox is a good alternative for easy-footed setup. And JWM is worth a look 😉
MUCH SPASS WITH LINUX!