There are no arguments against solipsism.
For many, this is a shocking insight.To some of the greatest spirits that this world has known, this kind of insight led to mania. Due to results like the above, the philosophy from the 18th century was called the destructive science and its project was abandoned by many…
Before I can explain this most shocking insight, I will focus first on a clear explanation of solipsism.
The solipsism is a textbook example of an alternative statement (sometimes also called conspiracy theories).An alternative explanation is a statement that emanates from exactly the same ‘ facts ‘, but therefore draws up a (often less plausible) statement/theory. An anlternative explanation is therefore never to be refute with the existing knowledge. Only new insights/’ facts ‘ can disprove an alternative statement. Exactly that is what it is solipsism. The solipsism is based on the reality experience as we experience it. It goes out of the fact that we feel, smell, taste, see and perceiveevery day.This reality, however, suggests Solipsism, is not located outside of us, but is nothing more than a concoction of our minds. The outside world does not exist. Thus the solipsisme.
Now you will probably think of yourself: ‘ But this is still a nonsense.I can still feel that I am sitting on a chair, I can even see him smell, taste; That chair is really, surely that is not a concoction of my mind! ‘
I say to you: Imagine that your reality was indeed merely a concoction of our own spirit, not just a concoction, but a very good one, so good that you yourself do not even know that you are fooled by your own spirit.So you would not know that you are fooled by your own mind. How could you find out that you are being fooled by your own mind? How would you find out that the outside world did not really exist outside of you? In any case, you would have exactly the same experiences as there was an outside world. That is exactly what solipsism presupposes. You would not in any way distinguish the experiences you experience with an actual outside world from your fictitious. They are equal. In the event that the solipsistic hypothesis were correct, you would not find out in any way that your reality is merely a product of your mind.
Therein lies the power of the solipsism decided.If, after all, if the solipsistic hypothesis is correct, you cannot prove that it is not true, how do you know that the solpsistic hypothesis is incorrect? After all, you have exactly the same experiences as the solipsistic U. So you cannot prove at all that the solipsistic hypothesis is incorrect. So you cannot exclude that your whole reality is merely a product of your mind.
Although we cannot exclude the solipsistic hypothesis, we cannot prove it correctly either.It is also not interesting for everyday practice, even more so for our entire existence, that the solipsism is a possible alternative. We should also not take into account the possibility that the solipsistic scenario is a possible alternative; If we do, we will go mad.
The solipsism is one of the most radical products of metaphysical scepticism, the doubt of the outside world.This is in itself a very interesting subject, to which a long philosophical tradition preceagrees. I would definitely recommend you to read more about this.
Now there are arguments against solipsism, but they are not satisfactory in my opinion.
Wittgenstein, for instance, argues that language is essentially a means of communication between spirits. Language is established in communication between spirits and has only meaning in communication.Because we use language everyday and think in language, we can know that there are other spirits outside our minds.
This argument is problematic as far as I am concerned, because it is a circular reasoning. It proves what it poses and sets what it proves.In fact, how can we know that language is essentially a means of communication, if we cannot even determine whether there are spirits outside our own minds?
Who taught you language, and what function would language have if you are really alone in the world?
Solipsism comes to me as unprocessed hyperbolic doubt.It’s a form of extreme skepticism. You can read the chapter ‘ Sceptical solutions to sceptical doubts ‘ from David Hume’s Inquiry if you want to move from a radical scepticism to a more functional worldview.
There are many forms of solipsism where other arguments can be brought against it.
Metaphysical solipsism: There is only the own I.
Methodical solipsism: The meaning of all notions depends on the state of consciousness of the subject
Epistemological solipsism: Knowledge of the external world depends on our mental states.
Ethical solipsism: All actions must be focused on or assessed in relation to their own (physical) wellbeing.
When you go to the cinema, you sometimes get completely into the story and you will experience the emotions of the protagonist.
There are already 3D glasses with which you can enter a spatial film.You can also design a computer game. The building in which you move is real, but everything you see further is untrue, just picture and sound. Also, one can now have a deceased artist, in which he is composed of previous recordings, where a 3D image of the stage is projected. Now still primitive, but the technique developed.
So you can imagine that you are experiencing some kind of illusion, just as in the Matrix, where in reality you are in a ‘ theatre ‘, but the illusion is so good that you experience this life and this reality not as a play or computer game , but as ‘ real ‘.For example, we are in a spaceship, on our way to… And that during our half-sleep we are stimulated with these images and experiences, so we do not die off.
There are no convincing proofs here, just as you cannot prove that God does not exist.
That you expect an answer to your question-and 1 more will get there too!
No matter what you say, it doesn’t count.So nothing…