As always, this is also related to the definition.It makes sense to define things in such a way that the definition has a certain degree of power, but in practice this is rarely done. In conversation, one always has the possibility to express every nuance by tone and explanation, so that precise conceptual boundaries are usually not indispensable.
For me, respect and fear exclude each other.Respect means for me that I don’t piss someone’s leg because I don’t want them to be evil by their own will.Because I don’t do it in principle or because I have specific respect for him as a person. (This has nothing to do with whether I likehim or her.) I wouldn’t do it in fear because I’m afraid of the reaction I want to avoid.So the starting point of my attitude is in a different person.
In the language community, the term is used very dazzlingly and can include both deference, appreciation and fear.”To have a pagan respect” for example, has definitely something of “going out of the way of a negative reaction”.
Wiktionary is synonymous with “attention, appreciation,” but also “fear, shyness.”
- Respect based on recognition, admiration
- shyness felt by someone because of their higher, superior position, expressed in an effort not to arouse displeasure
At Grimm it says:
RESPECT, m., from french.respect, in the 17th century. recorded, respectful, reverence: before this man e musz man respect have; sit down with someone in respect; receive his subordinates in respect.To say respect, to the excuse of an inappropriate expression.then especially reverent, fearful shy: to have a holy respect in front of someone; I saw others who did not protect the innocent because they had a foresightedrespect.
There, a distinction is apparently made between “neutral” and “fearful respect”, but both are referred to by the word “respect”.
DWDS defines respect as the jmdm.due to his performance, character characteristics, his age, his shown respect,
– as etymology, however, there is a dazzling spectrum of uses: respect m. ‘honour, respect, shyness’, borrowing (2nd half of the 16th century) by mfrz.French. respect ‘Respect’, afrz.’respect, consideration, consideration’, according to lat. respectus ‘Review, consideration, consideration’, abstract formation to lat.respicere (respectum) ‘look back, rethink, take into account’; See.Latin. specere ‘See’.respectable Adj.’highly handsome, honourable, noteworthy’ (2nd half of the 18th century), after equal. French. Edwards. respectable; See.Mlat. respectabilis, to lat.respect茅re ‘look back, look around, take care’.respect Vb. ‘respect, acknowledge, apply’ (around 1600), from equal.mfrz. French. respecter, after lat.respect茅re (see above) with semantic reference to mfrz.French. respect.respectable Adj. ‘respectable, respectful, due’ (early 18th century). respectively Konj.’or, more precisely,’ takeover (16. Jh., from the law firm and official language) of gleichbed. Mlat. What you can do Adv.’considerable, noteworthy’, to lat. respectum, Part.Perf. by lat. respicere (see above).Then respectively Adj.’jew’ (18. Jh.).