Peregrine Falcons in the Netherlands are more successful in cities than in the wild, because their normal habitat is not so common in our landscape.They breed on ledges and rock walls. In the Netherlands they replaced these with church towers and office buildings, and In the countryside the high-voltage pylons.
Another factor that makes them so good in the city is the common City pigeon, their favorite prey.The City Pigeon is a descendant of imported rock pigeons, birds that prefer to breed on… Cliffs and mountain walls, or apartment buildings. The first rock pigeons that escaped from their aviaries could find it fine in the city. In the countryside you can see many more wood pigeons and Turkish turtels Incidentally, there are city pigeons not so common.
These animals that make use of the spaces created by man are called culture followers.Many animals we see in the garden are culture followers; Foxes, Mezen, the Heron. Merels were in the first instance culturevlieders, they lived in forests and were people shy. When there were fewer forests and more gardens, they made the switch to human habitats.
Cats, before we domesticated them, were culture followers, they lived in the granaries of people (because, mice), and followed the people as they founded new communities.
All domestic cats descend from a cross between African wild cats and desert cats.This species has finally become more successful than the European wildcat, which has never been a culture follower and is now threatened in many places. The House cats thrive now worldwide better on man’s lap than their wild ancestors had ever dreamed of.
Furthermore, in Dutch cities tropical plants like yuccas and avocados do better than they could have done in the outside area.Cities keep heat, which means that these warm-inners do not freeze in the winter. For the avocado this is twice as much: not only can they thrive in our climate many times better in cities, also they had actually had to extinction 10,000 ago. The animal that all ate and spread their seeds, the ground sloth, died at that time, and they cannot spread themselves.
But the first people in North America found the small population that was still over, and found them so delicious that they started these plants and cultivate them manually.Without man, the avocado could never have existed.
Another plant that actually only exists because of people is the Ginkgo biloba, this tree grows enormously slowly, and has been overtaken by plants that are more responsive and grow faster.In the end, there was only a small population in central China, and new seedlings were overshadowed and suppressed by the new species of plants. People started cultivating the tree quite early in history, and planting it at their temples.
Now they are mainly in urban parks and gardens, and they are everywhere in the world, thanks to the care of people.
Another notorious example is the Kakkerlak.Actually, the types of roaches we experience as pests (4 kinds of the hundreds) are the sweetest at home in a tropical climate. In the past they could not even live in our homes here in North/western Europe, because there was still no good central heating, and they have seen it before the smallest bit of frost. In cities, they can survive well, which keeps them warm.
Well, enough examples so.
”.. Then in the wild.. ‘ ‘???Are those peregrine falcons tame?
What you really do have is that some organisms are much better able to adapt to the rather coarse changes that man has made in their environment than others.Adaptation to change is a very natural process that has been taking place for millions of years. Adaptation to man is a bit more recent.
In the Netherlands, almost all ‘ wild ‘ falls under that category.Kieviten live in a meadow landscape that we created and now make uninhabitable for them. Merels were a century ago shy forest birds, until they adapted to the garden landscape that we created. And now people lay tiles in the garden and go wrong with the Blackbird. The House sparrow is here in America a rather rare allochtone that you will find only in the city between the houses. If you have a park you can see American ‘ ‘ sparrows ‘ ‘, relatives of what are called Emberizidae in the Netherlands.