Right films were never allowed to be shown on German television due to the provisions on the protection of minors.However, since the 1980s, there have been sex and sex on German private broadcasters. erotic films. For example, many German sex films produced for cinema in the course of the “Sexwelle” (late 60s/70s) were shown, but also international (e.g. French) productions.
In the 90s, the older films were gradually dispensed with, newer films were shown, especially for American cable television produced or French erotic films.Softcore versions of films were also used more and more frequently. This means that a defused version of a movie was made in which the actual genital contact could not be seen, either by choosing different camera settings, a different image section, or by shooting two different versions a scene.
In 2004, VOX was the last of the major private broadcasters to take the erotic films out of the programme, in parallel with the hiring of the erotic magazine Wa(h)reLiebe.This niche has survived only on smaller channels: Today Sport1 broadcasts an erotic night program, which consists mainly of clips, but also of softcore versions of movies.
Surely the very easy accessibility of pornography via the Internet will have played a part in the disappearance of the erotic night program.However, there was also the possibility to consume “real” pornography beforehand, although not with a mouse click.
Another reason may have been the development of the television industry: when RTL (then still under the name RTL plus) and SAT.1 began broadcasting erotic films, these channels had a lower reach (= proportion of households receiving the channel and also significantly fewer spectators.The market was dominated by public service broadcasters. The young private broadcasters therefore tried to gain a lot of attention with little money and to distinguish themselves clearly from the dominant ARD and ZDF. There was a lot of experimentation and content that could not be found in the public service programme. The sex films, precisely because they were not shown in the main programmes, were cheap to buy and exceeded everything that had been shown on television until then in their freedom of movement. This allowed the broadcasters to attract (male) viewers.
At the beginning of the 2000s, however, the situation was different.The private broadcasters were established as fixed figures and had a wide audience across all social classes. As such, and in a generally “pruder” (to this day) social development, the broadcasters wanted to say goodbye to their smudge image and give a more serious impression. The (still successful) erotic program no longer fit into the picture. So it was not (only) the Internet that pushed the erotic films out of television.
In addition, the night programme of private broadcasters was for a long time the only access to erotic movies for many young men, since access to pornography at that time was mainly through the rental (colloquially: rental) of VHS cassettes. in adult video counters, to which access was only permitted for adults.The erotic films shown in the night program have therefore accompanied and (co-)influenced the development of nearly 20 vintages of young men. Many still have nostalgically transfigured memories of that time. This importance has, of course, been dealt with by the widespread spread of the Internet.