Unfortunately, I cannot say anything about the first proposition.The second though: there is no free will. Research shows that before they say, people have made a choice in their brains to be ‘ measurable ‘.
So let’s say, you choose the red or the blue ball.Subject says: “Think for a moment…” Meanwhile, in red, the brain part A is constantly lit, and in blue brain part B.
So: the brain makes a choice for us, and then let this choice know the ‘ conscious ‘ part of the brain, after which we conclude that the conscious part has made that choice itself.
Two questions, two answers.
Programming people is certainly different from computers; Indeed, it is much less reliable, less predictable; Correctness is not mathematically distract as in computer programs.
And it has also been shown that our minds are not independent. Consider, for example, the notorious experiments of Milgram, in which people are tempted into atrocities that they would not normally commit.
But to say that we do not have free will as Michiel VD B replies, I go far too far. It is true that our brains decide before we can consciously express the choice. But that only indicates that our unconscious decision force is much faster than our conscious considerations. Well and? Our conscious cognitive abilities are very limited. And our unconscious decisions are really OUR own decisions. Can you call that free will? Oh, that doesn’t make me so much; It is in any case an individual will. And “My individual” is my body and mind, those two are seamlessly integrated.
And still about freedom: freedom is the ability to set up your life so that you live optimally within the possibilities and constraints of your environment.If the environment did not impose any restrictions on me, I do not have to make any valuable choices. So such a “free” environment ultimately leads to a maximum of freedom with only worthless choice.
The analogy that a human brain works like a computer is as far as I know incorrect.A human brain is many times more complex in my opinion because there is much more space for creativity paired with semantics. A computer only operates on instructions (in principle). Depending on your definition of creativity, a computer has only limited abilities to creativity. Programming people is therefore much more complex than programming a computer that is put together by man.
“Free will” and mental programs can actually go together.This is very much your definition of free will. If your definition of free will is ‘ doing what you want to do ‘, then it is still possible to be controlled by unconscious programs where your deeds still match your desires. If your deeds do not contradict what you want, then you basically have free will. If you mean free will ‘ wanting what you want ‘, then of course we have no free will, but this is also totally irrelevant. We are born with our brains. Our brain determines to a large extent, together with the environment, our mental programs. Our mental programs consist of our interesting, preferences, mental dispositions, etc. This lies outside our power. So in that sense you could say that we are essentially always programmed.
Whether our lack of free will is scientifically proven depends on the definition you are using free will.If I can perform deeds that are completely in tune with my desires making it feel like I have free will, what makes it out. Yes, many things are determined by causality, so certain scientists would say that we do not have free will, but in my opinion determinism and free will simply go together as someone mentioned below.
To come back to the interesting post of Michiel.Indeed, our brains seem to be unaware of what we are going to do for us. However, through our linguistic ability we are able to anticipate the future by which we could steer our lives as it were (to a certain extent) a certain direction. The fact that I am now doing something that has already been unconsciously determined does not yet exclude the possibility of sending my future deeds. I think that our free will is ultimately found here, in time and in our anticipation ability.