This depends on a number of things.
The most important thing is M.I. whether your spaceship is actively slowed down (for example, by a rocket).This causes a delay that you will experience as a normal force in the direction of the rocket that causes the delay. Because of the normal force, this is also the direction you will experience — as long as the rocket fires — as ‘ down ‘. This can coincide roughly with the direction of the (South Pole of the) Earth and it then feels like your vessel is moving down.
But now imagine that your spaceship is not (yet) slowed down by a rocket, and also imagine that you are sitting upright or standing in front of a (cockpit) window through which you can see the earth in front of you.Then you will move forward for your feeling towards the earth. Of course it can also be that your seat and window are rotated 90 degrees and then — in the absence of a normal force — may seem like you’re moving up or sideways.
In other words, it depends on the forces that interact with you in relation to the spaceship and the layout of the craft that determines what you experience in the spaceship — locally — as below, above, front, back, left, and right.
Other answers reflect well that agreements have been made in this area.
I’m going out of the psychology of moving man.Where he goes to is ‘ before ‘, where he came from is ‘ behind ‘
Left is left and right is right.This also seems to be in line with the psychological interpretation of travel. Only it does not work here, the vessel can be rotated and without gravitation you do not notice it.
Above, below, are also harder because the vessel can fly into any lateral position.Same problem so.
So I would leave it in front, behind.And left, right, above and below nicely forgotten. Fly them.
Interesting question.What is front and back is determined by the object in which you are located and the end point, I suspect. But whether there is one above or below, so whether you feel like going up or down, I doubt that.
Depending on your frame of reference probably all three!
It is important to know that the concept above and below is relative and is determined by the point where you are pulled.Gravity draws you to Earth. Under/down is thus direction to ground, and above away from the ground.In Europe we see the moon with a certain crater clearly at the top. In Australia They see the same moon, but the same crater at the bottom. And although it is difficult to say who speaks “the truth” when it says that he/she seesthe moon in the only, right way , Europeans and Australians are in any case agreeing that under the direction of the ground.
You specifically ask for the Antarctic.The concept of “North” and “South” does not mean by definition that the north sits “at the top” and the South “at the bottom”. We can make it from cards (and like to put a globe with the North Pole above), but that comes from our frame of reference (because we live in the northern part of the world, from which we headed south). Other cultures draw the world map again in a different orientation (so many cultures see the east as “above” because the sun is coming up, they have turned their map a quarter turn).
Approaching a planet, you are first in a job to place the planet (otherwise you will either crash or burn into the atmosphere).You will have to “break” through the vapor circle in the right angle and decrease speed in the right way to be able to land. So at this point you are completely giving in to the gravitational force of the planet. Logically, the direction of the ground is thus below.But in order to be in a job (instead of simply depositing) you also have to have a forward speed so that you are circling in an ellipse around the planet without hitting it (dropping you by decreasing your speed). So forward feels in the direction in which your spacecraft makes the largest displacement. If the orientation of your spaceship is such that the earth is above your window, it becomes even more interesting. Your tummy feels One direction, but your brain can give different information in the meantime: “yes but the ground is always down anyway?WE FLY UPSIDE DOWN!!!! “. But the latter may not be true, many astronauts claim that they do not suffer from vertigo or dizziness during a space hike because the view of the Earth as a sphere is too unreal for them to interpret as “where the ground is”.The extreme height doesn’t feel natural enough for us to feel fear.
So I think I haven’t answered anything yet!