The question itself is nonsensical in terms of the choice of words and therefore cannot be answered:
Randomness is defined as “the absence of a causal explanation”.Now you can replace every word in a sentence with its definition without changing the meaning of the sentence. Then the questions are as follows:
If the universe and life were created only by the absence of a causal explanation, how far-reaching is this absence of a causal explanation?
Do we not do everything because of the absence of a causal explanation?
None of these questions makes any sense, so the question is not answerable.
I know theists are rattled by such stupid stuff as “Atheists believe that the universe was created by chance” or “Either it was God who created the universe, or chance” without thinking about it.
But please, dear people, if you insinuate to others what they think, or ask such questions, then make yourself known what meaning the words have.It is often enough to look up Wikipedia:
“It is a matter of chance when no causal explanation can be given for a single event or the coincidence of several events.Depending on the context, causal explanations for events are more likely to be of intentions to persons acting in the intent or also to scientific deterministic processes.”(Wikipedia, keyword random)
In everyday use, it is often used in the sense of “what falls to you”, i.e. an event occurs that one has not foreseen.The questions then make no sense.
The use of chance in such questions is an old, theological-linguistic trick.Since the word “unforeseeable” is vaguely known from everyday life as “unforeseen”, and from this a field of association arises to “unpredictable, improbable event” and “unknown cause” is easily confused with “no cause”, then in thought is the word random is used as it is:
An unlikely event that has no cause
“Absence of a causal explanation” may have several meanings, namely:
- We do not know the cause, it happened for an as yet unknown cause.
- We do not know the cause and we cannot find it, or never find it.
- The event happened without any cause, without causal link.
From this, only the meaning 3 is extracted, and this is associated with the word random.So what is actually meant is the question:
When life and the universe has arisen without cause…
The problem is that “unknown cause” does not mean that there is no cause – only that one does not know any.It is extremely difficult to prove that something is happening “without cause”, especially for past events. In quantum physics, after a long dispute, it is assumed that there are events in the quantum world without cause. But:There are interpretations of quantum physics that are completely deterministic – then everything has a cause again.
In my m. W., there is no cosmological theory for the universe that is assumed to be there no cause.Nor do I know of any atheist who believes this. But every week I meet dozens of theists on the Internet who think that the atheists believe this, because their theologians, priests and other clerics have instilled this propaganda lie in them.
I assume, of course, that the questioner is the theist.If not, it is at least one that theists have misled.
If we atheists criticize early childhood religious indoctrination, it is because of such questions.It is not fun to be confronted with at least one such insinuating question once a week and to explain again every time what is wrong with it.
I’ve always thought there aren’t stupid questions – the stupidest questions are the ones you don’t ask.
But I have changed my mind: the question “Did the universe come about by chance?” does not at least reveal an intelligent or thoughtful choice of words.It is based on sloppy handling of word associations, or word fields, and is actually a nasty consequence of religious education, which leaves such confusions in people’s minds.