I am not a neuroscientist, but within psychology we do not work with the notion of ‘ will ‘.The notion that is still the closest is ‘ motivation ‘. Of ‘ free will ‘, psychologists should have nothing. See Fabian VD Berg’s reaction to this.
‘ Free will ‘ has become popular under the influence of the French existentialists-Sartre, Camus, de Beauvoir etc.-in roughly the forties of the last century, so in the period between the two world wars and around the Second World War. An extremely printing time in which it was attempted to elevate man to a ‘ free ‘ being, with choices and associated responsibilities. They had picked up the notion of more dark philosophers like Kierkegaard, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche-although you can classify those three with some imagination from the pessimists, the somberers. Well, Sartre was also a black viewer, but one with a free will.
With the decline of existentialism, the concept of free will is also forfeited.No one has left it. Nobody? Well, a small group holds stand, namely the lawyers. In Our laws, things like “…. Shall determine his/her choice in free will…. “, in this case for the assessment of accrual susceptibility. But yes, lawyers always look after it.
And furthermore the group of Dreamers, people who insist that they do have a free will and like to explain this in detail.Do not contradict, I would say. They do contradict themselves.
In short: There is no free will.Whatever you like.
Free will is a delicate subject, just like death or consciousness.Often because everyone has an opinion and everyone “feels” something.
Most neuroscientists will tell you that the concept of free will does not fit into our current understanding of the brain, at least not as most people define free will.The choices you make are not free of influences, there is always a reason for everything that you do, think, and want.
The brain is an incredibly complex system where much information is processed.Most of it is processed unconsciously, you don’t have to deal with what’s going on in your head, and that’s good too. A choice, whichever choice, is processed and weighed by the information system between your ears. It enters your brain and on the basis of the past, the present, and possible consequences in the future will roll out a result.
Which sandwich do you take at the bakery?
That is determined by what happened in the past: What do you like? Are there some sandwiches that are not good at this bakery? The present also influences you: Do you have much or little hunger? Does your body need sugar or salt? Predictions for the future also weigh heavily: do you grab something, because you want to lose weight? We weigh all these things and much more, consciously and unconsciously, and there is a choice. At that time there is probably no other choice that can be made, but change 1 small detail and you choose something else.
Even more enjoyable is that all day unconscious choices are made and afterwards you make a reason because your consciousness needs a reason.Why chose is that bottle of drinking? Not because it was on the right side, no, because it has a better color! We love to lie to ourselves.
A choice without any reason or cause, free of influences, simply does not exist.Probably no other outcome is possible at that time. But the system is so complex, there are so many influences, everything is unique and different, and the system changes with the second. It is so complex that it can be as good as free, it is so complex that you never do the same twice.
Choices are not made for you, choices are made by you, but by more “you” than you think.Your past, present, and future contribute a bit without you being through it. This is so complex that your brain hides it for you and the lack of information gives you the idea that it is a “free” choice.
Neuroscience does not do anything about free will, but if physics can cope with it.No science can in principle say something about free, because the starting point is always mathematicibility and thus causality (cause and effect). Free will is a cause that has been caused by the will and can therefore also be a cause of failure. In other words, what I can do I don’t have to dotoo.About freedom and its ability is ethics or philosophy.
Neuroscience is about the processes of neurons in our brain.What do they do and how can they be influenced. The fact that a discussion of free will is added to this is due to the changes that occur during neuroscientific research.
For example with EEG equipment it is possible to influence the cognitive processes of the brain.This is done in neurofeedback.
EEG scans specifically aimed at measuring brainwave coherence show that during meditation a change in the coherence of the brainwaves takes place.See Video:
This is an important point in relation to free will.Because free will can be described as the ability of the brain to consciously steer the processes that take place 100%. We know from research that our consciousness is classified in the conscious part (10%?) and the unconscious part (90%?). In other words, a great deal, or most of our consciousness takes place as an unconscious process. Professor Ap Dijksterhuis says about this in his booklet “The Clever unconscious” on page. 73. “In conclusion you could say that the unconscious not only perceives much more than our consciousness, but also that unconscious perception is more sensitive.”
So the conclusion can be that free will exists, but that it is only about the part of the conscious processes in our brain.
And then the question emerges: “Is it possible to make the unconscious part, conscious?”
Here, brainwave coherence comes around the corner.Research shows that a high coherent brain is capable of much higher performance. These appear to be at a high level of consciousness, in which free will plays an important role.
Harald S. Harung PhD and Frederick Travis PHD have investigated this and wrote a book about “Excellence through Mind-Brain Development” with The subtitle: “The Secrets of World-Class performers”
This shows, among other things, that Top athletes and TOP managers have developed a kind of extra sense, with which they are very consciously able to send situations in their lives to higher levels of excellence.All these individuals exhibit a high degree of brainwave coherence.
My conclusion on the question: “Declares neuroscience the free will”, I would like to answer: “No, but she can contribute to mapping free will.” And further, what I find much more important, is that science, neuroscience, psychology and others are doing a broader study of the processes that can increase the conscious part of our consciousness, because this creates the possibility of To solve societal problems at a higher level of excellence.