Even though the NKVD warned since 1939 that the Germans were preparing, the Soviets were badly prepared.The Red Army tried to react adequately, but it had to do with quite a few major problems.
The first problem was that many good officers were killed in Goelags or executed after banter lawsuits.That made the army fairly uncontrollable.
The second problem was that many political officers appointed by the Communist Party had much to crumble in the milk, but often had little to no strategic insight, which complicating the work for the few strategic Officers who were still there.
The third problem was Stalin, but in fact all the aforementioned problems are also attributed to Stalin himself.He refused to believe a lot of reports and was simply too paranoid to take it for true.
The fourth problem was not due to Stalin, but to the open terrain.That made encirclement possible by the German army and so millions of the Red Army were captured and killed. One of the largest circling has been near Kiev where an estimated 400,000 soldiers have been captured.
The fifth problem was the Soviet economy.There was a large shortage of weapons at the start of the war. The Soviet Union nevertheless had a large production potential and could fall back on factories in Siberia, but it has also been heavily supported throughout the war by the other allies, and especially the Americans. These include grain, ammunition and many trucks sent to the Soviet Union, via the port of Archangelsk and Via ports in Persia (present-day Iran). The trucks are used not only for transporting raw materials, but also for transporting artillery, especially the infamous Katyusha missiles.
Why were the Soviets so badly prepared?The problem was not only in the economy and geography, but the vast majority of the problems were attributable to one man, namely Stalin. Both Vladimir Bechterev and Ivan Pavlov have found, independently of each other, that Stalin was very paranoid, the latter probably also had to live with his life (presumably poisoned on behalf of Stalin). A psychiatric disorder has been the probable reason for Stalin’s paranoia. It is thought that Stalin suffered from paranoid personality disorder, a often very complex personality disorder often accompanied by comorbidity with other personality disorders, with in his case probably comorbidity with Narcissistic personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder (the latter he had in common with Hitler).
The national “Soviet storm” that is free to see on Youtube has an episode devoted to Operation Barberossa.
The Soviets long knew that the Germans would invade the Soviet Union.
The Stalin line was already reinforced in 1939 and the idea that the Soviets were surprised is gigantic kul.
It was the intention of the Soviets to let the Germans up deeply on jerking this is finally those well-known tactics of the scorched earth.
The Russians were perfectly prepared to give up Minks and Kiev, but not without fighting.Both cities possessed extensive forts and could stop the infantry this was a big problem because a tank without infantry is very fragile.
Moskau and Leningrad were also defended and at a gigantic speed machines from industrial cities such as Smolensk, Kharkov and Stalinrad were brought to the pioneering cities behind the Urals where they produced tanks and weapons with unprecedented efficiency.
The NKVD blew karzernes and railroads while the Soviet soldiers regrouped after each defeat with unprecedented speed and control.
Every kilometer of the Soviets was a kilometer closer to the supply stations, while the Germans were far too fast and had no supplies.
The Germans had prepared themselves for a quick blow of a few months while the Soviets had prepared for a war that would last for years.