How did the railways affect cities?

Railways made life a lot faster but also more uncluttered…

William Turner: Rain, Steam and Speed.

Ah, a question to my heart.

Railroads actually underwent two major changes before they became what they are now.

In the beginning they were made of iron.

This limited the maximum size of trains, and made sure railways were to be replaced every 6 years.

Later, around 1850, most were replaced with iron.Now the trains could get longer, drive faster, and maintenance costs fell down.

Again later the trains became electric, which again ensured that maintenance costs fell.Trains were initially not determined faster or longer, because steam locomotives from 1950 were able to do quite a bit, but they were difficult to maintain.

An American ‘ Streamliner ‘ from the years 40 of the last century

But well, what effect does this have on cities now?

When we look at the development of cities during the 19th century, we see that cities with a rail connection grow rapidly (ler).

In The early days of the train this coincided. Later, Railways had more impact on cities.

Firstly, many goods can be transported by train.For a factory owner It is therefore easy to get raw materials for its products. For example, if he makes steel, he can order a train load of ore. In addition, it also often came enough for companies to make their own railways.

Trains could also transport goods quickly .It was therefore convenient for a factory owner or entrepreneur to start in a city with a railway connection. After all, his products could be transported quickly to the customer.

And more factories, of course, provide more work.More work attracts more workers (here was actually no shortage), and more workers stood for more inhabitants.

But it doesn’t stop there yet.

More inhabitants means more services.More bakers, more hairdressers, more restaurants (people also became more prosperous), more clothing stores. And every owner could quickly order his goods by train. However, the telegraphy also plays a major role, as this has drastically reduced communication time.

It was only a matter of time before people also started making use of the train.And from the train came the steam tram, the electric tram, a metro driven by a steam locomotive, and then the electric metro; Means of transport that all had their own impact on the city. By train you went to the city, by Metro to their district, and by tram home.

The now demolished Penn Station on Manhattan

Eventually, trains became a kind of status symbol.

The more prosperous a country, the more extensive the railway network, and how more impressive the stations.

And of course the Netherlands could not be left behind:

The Central station in Amsterdam

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