The (major) depression has a complex clinical picture, which is why a reliable diagnosis can only be made by specialists (psychologists with the necessary professional competence or psychiatrist).
There are a number of symptoms that are characteristic of depression, but do not have to occur in every sufferer (except for this, the main symptoms are).In addition, it is possible that depression (in all in all) is only manifested at the beginning by physical symptoms.
It is important to distinguish depression from natural periods of mourning or the like.Time-limited depressive moods are usually a natural reaction to strokes of fate or similar. However, these phases last longer, without any improvement in the condition should be noted.
The main symptoms of depression are:
- Depressive upset: feeling of depression/sadness, emptiness or hopelessness during most of the day on almost all days and/or:
- Significantly reduced interest or enjoyment of (almost) all activities for most of the day
Possible side symptoms:
鈥?significant weight loss or weight gain for no apparent reason
鈥?Sleep disturbances (sleep disturbance, sleep disturbance, premature awakening) or increased need for sleep and associated daytime sleepiness.
鈥?Feeling of worthlessness or excessive or unreasonable feelings of guilt
鈥?decreased cognitive performance.Affected people may have difficulty thinking, concentrating, acquiring memories or retrieving them, learning disabilities. In addition, there may be problems with decision-making.
鈥?Psychomotor restlessness or slowing down (often unnoticed by those affected)
鈥?Reduced drive/drivelessness: Affected persons can hardly or not get involved in activities at all.This can only be limited to extensive and time-consuming activities (e.g. learning) but also concern the simplest everyday requirements (e.g. leaving the bed).
鈥?recurring thoughts of death, suicidal thoughts with or without a precise plan, suicide attempt
鈥?psychosomatic ailments caused by depression, such as headaches, back pain, nausea, sweating, hot flashes, etc.No discernible physical cause.
I would like to stress once again that depression can manifest itself in a variety of ways and that the above list is not intended for self-diagnosis.Some depressions, as already mentioned, are mainly due to physical symptoms and may not be perceived by those affected. In case of suspicion of a disease, the interested reader should not hesitate to consult a doctor.