No Joh, that period should have been processed a long time ago.Korea was a totally exploited Japanese colony and was then devastated by a terrible war. Now it is very good in South Korea. It has become a successful Western economy.
Indonesia was a Dutch winzone for hundreds of years.It is not a paradise yet, but it is on the right track.
India, once the most important British colony, has also found the way up.
Most African states do not differ so many from such countries.Why do they stay behind? Perhaps the thinking in Africa is too little rational. Maybe they think too much in tribes and too little in countries. Perhaps the corruption has been too deeply feared. Maybe they are too easy to glue with beautiful chats from a presidential candidate and they don’t see that he only wants to be the boss to enrich himself and his clan. So it goes time and time again.
I do not think that after all these years you can still blame the colonization.There are, moreover, large groups that still have all the blame for the Caucasian colonizers. This reasoning fits well in the view of the world of adherents of identity politics, in which the white breed is the cause of such a bit of oppression in the world. But for me, that story is no longer credible. If you see how Africa is now letting the Chinese in the lhours with that road and belt project, then you see that they are not learning. At one point, this infrastructure is there, but there is a huge debt built up among the Chinese. You can pay for them with raw materials.
Somewhere is the point where you are no longer pathetic, but simply oerstom.
There are more factors.
First of all, it should be noted that Africa has not become poorer but enriched less rapidly than the countries of Asia and Europe.The standard of living in Africa is now definitely a lot higher than 100 years ago. This standard of living still has an ascending line. Slower than in the rest of the third world, but it does go ahead. Whether this standard of living has risen despite or thanks to colonization is a point of discussion.
If we look at colonization we see that this period has lasted quite briefly.In 1865, a large part of Africa was not yet “discovered” by Europeans. 100 years later the largest part was independent again. The colonies were partly based on exploitation. Belgian Congo is a good example of brutal exploitation, forced labour and mass murder. The current Congo still suffers from
However, there were also other reasons for colonizing.One of those reasons was rivalry between European countries. The countries were afraid that if they did not “discovered” a piece of land, they colonized that another European power would do that and thus achieve a strategic advantage. Not exploitation here was the primary motive but geopolitical.
Exploitation could also be very good without colonizing.The slave trade is a good example. For about 1000 years, merchants, especially Arabs and later Europeans, have been enslaved by local rulers. This demand for slaves caused local rulers to hunt for people to enslave them. These slave wars have disrupted society in large parts of Africa by depopulation and a culture of flights and fighting. To this day of and, there are hostility between the various peoples to derive from this. The slave trade has enriched a number of peoples in Africa, but has also undermined and destabilised many peoples. The British colonization of West Africa was, by the way, a major motive to put an end to this slave trade.This is why colonizing can have had a beneficial effect.
The current backdoor will partly be traced back to the colonial institutions that were focused on exploitation.After independence, these institutions have come into the hands of local elites who also base their power on exploitation. Trade barriers also play a part. Africa was and is a commodity supplier but turnkey products from Africa are subject to import restrictions in richer countries while those richer countries can still dump their agricultural and industrial products. This process prevents the construction of its own consumer goods industry.
Finally, the local culture can also be mentioned.Where it is deemed to work for yourself, but for your family, clan or people, the incentive to invest and make a profit is small because the profit has to be taken back or worn off.
I am not an expert in this area but know;
- Things have a longer effect than you think, so in short it can be just the case.
You can find business here in Europe that happened 300 years ago that still have an impact on daily politics.
The more traditional agriculture did take this into account. So the decline of traditional methods has not helped.
Also, by supporting one or the other party by the Russians & Americans a part of the Cold war has been fought out. That too has not helped.
So the afterpains of colonization are not yet over… In fact, there are countries where things are going well despite everything.
A reason for this could be found in the geography of Africa.
Africa is a continent, which consists of many different climatic zones.
Europe, North America and the prosperous regions of Asia have far fewer different climatic zones.
In general, peoples consist of groups of people from one climate zone.It creates a cultural unity, because everyone can live in about the same way. Countries often consist of a single climate zone.
It is therefore very difficult to make a large country in Africa, which does not run through all sorts of climatic zones and peoples.
Not hindered by any lack of insider knowledge, the European colonial powers have tried to regulate this by drawing some countries with paper and ruler.
There are quite successful countries in Africa, where prosperity is gradually increasing.These often have fewer different opposites in their boundaries.
A number of countries have decided to change some boundaries, but the vast majority of the borders have remained the same.In my opinion, this does not make it any easier to find solutions in Africa. There has even been a number of cases where we helped local heads of state to preserve the “unity” of their country.
I do not think that the European colonization and economic connections that have arisen afterwards are the main reason for poverty in Africa, but they have contributed a great deal.