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Belief in fate and Predestination theory. Many pagan peoples of antiquity, including the Greeks and the Romans, believed that the fate of a person, especially the length of life, was determined from the outset by the gods.In Greek mythology, three goddesses guided the fate of human beings: Klotho (spinner), who spanned the thread of life; Lachesis (part- who decided on the length of life, and Atropos (inevitable), which cut life when time had run out.There was a similar triad among the Roman gods.
According to the Jewish historian Josephus (first century u.s.), the Pharisees tried to reconcile the idea of fate with their faith in God and with the free will granted to man (history of the Jewish War, 2nd book, chap.8, d. 14; Jewish Antiquities, 18th book, chap.1, paragraph 3). The New Schaff-Duke Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge states: “Before Augustine [i.e. in the 4th and 5th centuries o.C., there was no serious approach in Christianity to the development of a Predestination theory.” The so-called Fathers of the Church, such as Justinus, Origen and Irenaeus in the period before Augustine, “are not aware of an unrestricted predestination; they teach the free will” (Hastings, Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, 1919, Vol. X, p. 231).As it has been said, in connection with the refutation of gnosticism, they repeatedly expressed their belief in the free will of man as “the characteristic feature of the human personality, the foundation of moral responsibility, a The gift of God, through which man can choose what is pleasing to God,” and they spoke of “the moral self-determination of man and the counsel of God, which is not imposed upon anyone” (The New Schaff-Duke Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, edited by S. Jackson, Vol. IX, 1957, p. 192, 193).
and a little more:
the time of his birth; reached age
His Birth on of the Earth. Before Jesus was born on Earth, angels appeared on our planet in human form.They probably accepted suitable bodies for the occasion, and when their assignment was done, they dematerialized again (Gen 19:1-3; Ri 6:20-22; 13:15-20). So they remained spirit creatures and only needed a physical body for a certain time. But when the Son of God came to the earth and became the man Jesus, things were different. In John 1:14 it is said that ‘the WORD became flesh and was with us’. Therefore Jesus could call himself the “Son of Man” (Jn 1:51; 3:14, 15). Some point to the expression “stayed [tl.: “tent” among us” and claim that this shows that Jesus was not a real man, but an incarnation. The Apostle Peter, however, used a similar expression with reference to himself, and Peter was obviously not an incarnation (2Pe 1:13, 14).
The inspired account says, “But with the birth of Jesus Christ it was so that when his mother Mary was betrothed with Joseph, it was found that she was pregnant before her union by the Holy Spirit” (Mat 1:18).Before this happened, the angel of Jehovah had informed the Virgin Mary that she would ‘receive in her bosom’, because God’s holy Spirit would come upon her and God’s power would overshadow her (Luk 1:30, 31, 34, 35).Since a conception actually took place, Jehovah must have caused an egg to be fertilized in the womb of Mary. He achieved this by transfering the life of his firstborn son from the spiritual realm to the earth (Gal 4:4). Only in this way could the child who was finally born remain the same person who was the WORD in heaven, and only in this way could she really be a son of Mary and thus a true descendant of her forefathers Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Judah and King David and the rightful heir to the promises given to them by God (Gen 22:15-18; 26:24; 28:10-14; 49:10; 2Sa 7:8, 11-16; Luk 3:23-34; see GENA REGISTER OF JESU CHRISTI).It can therefore be assumed that the child had certain physical characteristics of his Jewish mother.
Mary was a descendant of the sinner Adam, and therefore imperfect and sinful.The question therefore arises as to how Jesus, the “firstborn” son of Mary (Luk 2:7), could be perfect with a physical body and without sin. Although today’s geneticists know a lot about the laws of inheritance and about dominant and recessive hereditary traits, they could never find out through experiments what would be the result of the combination of perfection and imperfection, as was the case with the conception of Jesus. was the case. In view of what the Bible shows as a result, it seems that the perfect male vitality (which caused conception) abolished any existing imperfection in the oocyte of Mary, so that from the beginning a perfect genetic pattern was and a complete embryonic development took place. Whatever may have been the case, the action of the Holy Spirit at that time ensured the implementation of God’s purpose. The angel Gabriel explained to Mary that “power of the Most High” would overshadow her, so that the born would be holy, the Son of God. The Holy Spirit formed, so to speak, a “protective wall” which prevented the embryo from being harmed by imperfection or any harmful force from the time of conception, or that a blemish was attached to it (Luk 1:35).
Since this birth was caused by God’s Holy Spirit, Jesus owed his human life to his Heavenly Father, not to a human Father, nor to his adoptive father Joseph (Matthew 2:13-15; Luk 3:23).As Hebrews 10:5 show, Jehovah had ‘prepared a body for him’; Jesus was thus, from the time of his conception, in fact “immaculate, separated from sinners” (Heb 7:26; cf. Jn 8:46; 1Pe 2:21, 22).
The prophecy in Isaiah 52:14 about the Messiah, which speaks of the “distortion of his appearance”, must therefore apply only to Jesus, the Messiah, in symbolic terms.(Cf. V. 7 of the same chap.) He had a perfect figure, but as he courageously proclaimed the message of truth and righteousness, he was repulsive in the eyes of his hypocritical adversaries, who saw in him a Beelzebub, a demon-obsessed, and a blasphemous swindler (Mat 12:24; 27:39-43; Jn 8:48; 15:17-25). The same was true of the message that Jesus’ disciples later proclaimed. For those who accepted it, it was a “smell of well” of life, but for those who rejected it, a smell of death (2Ko 2:14-16).
The Time of its Birth, the Length of its Service. Jesus was apparently born in the month of Ethanim (September/October) of the year 2 B.O.C., was braised at about the same time of year and died on Friday, the 14th day of the spring month Nisan (March/April) of the year 33 o.c., about 3 p.m.How do you get to these times?
Jesus was born about six months after the birth of his relative John (the Baptist), when Caesar Augustus (31 BC to 14 o.c.) was the Roman emperor and Quirinius governor of Syria (the probable dates of the term of quirinius are under TOWARDS the end of herod the Great’s reign over Judea (Mat 2:1, 13, 20-22; Luk 1:24-31, 36; 2:1, 2, 7).
His Birth in Relationship to Death of the Herod. The date of Herod’s death is disputed, but there are many indications that he died in 1 B.C.(See CHRONOLOGY [Moon eclipses; HERODES No. 1 [date of his death.) Between the birth of Jesus and the death of Herod were a series of events, such as the circumcision of Jesus on the eighth day (Luk 2:21); his account in the temple in Jerusalem 40 days after his birth (Luk 2:22, 23; Gen 12:1-4, 8); the journey of the astrologers “from eastern areas” to Bethlehem (where Jesus was no longer in a manger, but in a house) (Mat 2:1-11; cf. Luk 2:7, 15, 16); the flight of Joseph and Mary with the little child to Egypt (Mat 2:13-15); then Herod’s observation that the astrologers had not followed his instructions, and the subsequent killing of all boys under the age of two in Bethlehem and his surroundings (which suggests that Jesus was no longer a newborn infant) (Mat 2:16-18). The determination of the date of Birth of Jesus to the autumn of year 2 B. O.C. would thus give sufficient time to all the events that took place between his birth and the death of Herod (probably in the year 1 B. u.s.). However, there is another reason to set the birth of Jesus at year 2 bc.
The Relationship to Service of the John. Further proof of the accuracy of the data given at the beginning of this section can be found in Luke 3:1-3, where it is said that John the Baptist began to preach and baptize in the “fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar”.This 15th year lasted from the second half of 28 o.c. to August or September 29 o.c. (see TIBERIUS.) At some point during John’s service, Jesus came to him and was bled. When Jesus began his own ministry, he was “about thirty years old” (Luke 3:21-23). At the age of 30鈥?the age at which David became king 鈥?Jesus was no longer subordinate to his parents (2Sa 5:4, 5; cf. Luk 2:51).
According to Genesis 4:1-3, 22, 23, 29, 30 (EB), those who served in the sanctuary under the covenant of law were ‘thirty years and over’.It is reasonable to assume that John the Baptist鈥?a Levite and the son of a priest鈥?began his ministry at the same age (not in the temple, of course, but he performed a special mission from Jehovah) (Luk 1:1-17, 67, 76-79). The fact that the age difference between John and Jesus was specifically mentioned (twice) and that the appearance of the angel of Jehovah and the announcement of the birth of the two sons were interrelated in the case of Elizabeth and Mary (Luk 1), creates a good The basis for the assumption that the ministry of John and the ministry of Jesus followed the same pattern in time, i.e. that John (as the forerunner of Jesus) began his ministry six months before Jesus.
Consequently, the birth of John 30 years before the beginning of his ministry 鈥?which he began in the 15th year of Tiberius 鈥?occurred sometime between the second half of the year 3 b. u.s. and August or September 2 BC; Jesus was born six months later.
The Beginning of its earthly Life. The account of the beginning of Jesus’ earthly life is very short.Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, the birthplace of King David, and when the family returned from Egypt, he came to Nazareth (Galilee). Divine prophecies were fulfilled by all these events (Matthew 2:4-6, 14, 15, 19-23; Wed 5:2; Hos 11:1; Isa 11:1; Jer 23:5). Jesus’ adoptive father, Joseph, was a carpenter (Mat 13:55) and obviously not very wealthy. (Cf. Luk 2:22-24 with 3M 12:8.) Jesus, who slept in a stable on the first day of his life as a human being, therefore apparently spent his childhood in rather poor circumstances. Nazareth was historically not significant, but it was close to two major trade routes. Probably many Jews looked down contemptuously on Nazareth.
Jesus has lived in heaven since His Ascension and is now about 2019 years old, having been born 2 PZ.LG HP