One should assume strongly that English sounds like a Germanic language, since it is after all a Germanic language.So why should it sound different?
“Germanen” is the collective name for tribes and peoples in southern Scandinavia and in the area of the lower Elbe, which belonged to the Indo-European language family, but are different from the neighboring, also Indo-European Celts, Slavs, etc.differentiated by culture, religion and language.
Around 500 BCGermanic (also called Common Germanic) has separated from the other Indo-European languages (first – or Germanic – sound shift due to major changes in the sound system and mould making.
Until this time, the Germanic people had spread to the Rhine and to the German low mountains.Further hikes lead to the division into different tribal groups and corresponding tribal dialects, which are roughly divided into 3 groups:
North Germanic, West Germanic and East Germanic.
- Northern Germans in Scandinavia, from where they later settled Iceland and the Faroe Islands.
Today’s North Germanic languages are Danish, Norwegian, Swedish and Icelandic (not also Finnish!).
This has resulted in English, Frisian, Dutch, High German and Low German.
The different branches of the Germanic language family are thus the result of the migrations of Germanic tribes that took place in the 1st millennium BC.lived in Northern Europe.
The Old Germanic is essentially reconstructed, there are hardly any written records, and even from much later times.
Some Germanic words are handed down to us by Latin authors, and Scandinavian runic inscriptions can be found from the 3rd century AD.
Our knowledge of the Germanic peoples is mainly due to Roman writers, such as Caesar, Pliny, Tacitus, etc.Their reports also contain individual Germanic terms (e.g. urus (Auerochse); glesum (Amber, cf. German “Glass”), ganta (Gans); sapo (make-up, cf. German “Soap”)
Written language certificates are only available from relatively late periods.The earliest surviving scripture monument is the Gothic Bible of Bishop Wulfila (c. 350 A.D.). Anglo-Saxon and Old High German have been documented since the 8th century; the oldest forms of Scandinavian languages date back to the 12th century.
Germanic languages are spoken today as the mother tongue of more than 500 million people, mainly due to the consequences of colonization and the worldwide importance of English.
The following rough classification results:
until about 500 BC
until about 500 A.D.germanic
from about 500 A.D.German
up to approx. 1050 Old High German
up to approx. 1350 Middle High German
up to approx. 1650 Early New High German
from approx. 1650 to today New High German
So there were 2 sound shiftsin the development of German (from Indo-European to Germanic):
- the first (around 500 BC), through which Germanic stood out from the other Indo-European languages and formed its own language group (the Germanic languages).
- the second (around 500 AD).
by which German stood out from the other Germanic languages and formed its own subgroup (German).
The most widely used languages today, which have emerged from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European, are the English and German languages.