I think the question is completely wrong.Very few people are actually “boese”, and if so, then mostly due to severe de-tussions, but often also within the framework of group dynamics, where a kind of blood rush can arise.
It is as similar as it is to the supposed fighting dogs.They don’t actually exist, they are deliberately neurotized to be suitable for fighting. People can also be neurotized in this way.
The book and the film “Die Welle” (Die Welle (2008) – Wikipedia) show very nicely how normal people can be made of real Nazis in a short time.The psychologist Zimbardo has conducted a (controversial) experiment with students, which was supposed to show similar mechanisms (Stanford-Prison-Experiment – Wikipedia), with which he tried to explain the trap in Abu Ghraib, among other things.There are many other examples of this kind, where “quite common people” became monsters. More than a novel represents this possibility: e.g. “The Lord of the Flies” (= the devil), s. Lord of the Flies (1963) – Wikipedia
But that doesn’t mean people are “boese.”They are available, especially in groups. It is therefore important to avoid conditions such as those mentioned above (including the rule of the Nazis and Stalinists) as best as possible.
Humans are intelligent monkeys.The situation of a actually peaceful horde of monkeys becoming a horde of beasts, which also toerated former friends, was observed in nature, e.g. by the chimpanzee explorer Jane Goodall (Jane Goodall – Wikipedia).It was about the fight for a territory.
Most people are good when they are addressed with respect and goodwill.Strangely enough, there are also “real saints”, people who are incorruptible, who cannot be provoked. Nelson Mandela, including Dr.M-L King, probably the Dalai Lama and Socrates, was one of them. You can’t hate such people, vain, insulting, jealous, domineering, vengeful – at least I can’t. They would refuse an order of murder or torture or even fraud. Such “incorruptibles” have been depicted by Lord Dahrendorf in the book “Attempts of Unfreedom: The Intellectuals in Times of Trial” (see The Intellectuals in Times of Examination Beck’s Series: Amazon.de: Ralf Dahrendorf: Books ).He asks what is special about those people who, neither by Hitlerism nor Stalinism, were able to do wrong or give up their critical minds. There is no simple answer, although often incorruptible and liberal-minded parents are behind it.
Even in war, most people are good and helpful and helpful, but this is a perverse situation and some are overwhelmed.By far the most participants in the war have remained regular, nice, useful people. You have to be realistic.
Anyone who can no longer trust anybody has a damage of his own.