Did the German citizens support the National Socialist racial policy in ideological terms?

Very certainly not.I have seen pictures of the morning after the Reichskristallnacht in which some passers-by showed obvious distress and others made a genuinely shocked impression. Georg Elser himself was pulled over the line by this event and made him decide to commit an attack on Hitler.

There was anti-Semitism in Germany, but that was generally no further than prejudices and occasionally discrimination.Many taste were Jews and in addition, a Jew who converted to Christianity was no longer seen as a Jew (while the Nazis went out of lineage, if your ancestors were Jews, you were also, even if you did not like the religion). Hitler’s more radical racial theories, which were also part of anti-Slavic feelings, originated in mainly Austria-Hungary.

The economic and political circumstances caused the need for a scapegoat that the NSDAP had exploited.Nevertheless, the attraction was mainly in the fact that the party had never sat in the government and thus could throw impunity with mud, the organization, the talent of a number of headpieces such as Rohm, Goebbels and Hitler, presenting an alternative to A failing government. A part of the Nazis was certainly not a member of racist considerations, but subsequently fanatically participated or looked the other way. Many non-Nazis were passive and certainly saw when the economy was back in the 30s and Hitler’s diplomatic Successes, racism and violence as something that would wear out over time. Also many Europeans, especially in the right hand corner, shared this view; A strong Germany was the heart of a strong Europe, especially in the time of cultural pessimism after WOI and the Great Depression, and the fear of the USSR and communism. The popular vote in Saarland of 1935 interpreted this: even though Saarland was a suburb of many anti-Nazis after 1933, it did not mean that they wanted to join France.

In addition, it did not mean that all Germans were tolerant in the 30s.Well, one did not agree that shop windows were picked up from Jewish shops, but that did not mean that one was cheering as a daughter loving a Jewish friend came home. Hence that passive attitude… Which eventually enabled the most radical Nazis like Hitler, Goebbels, Von Ribbentrop and Rosenberg to drive their sentence forward.

Like those Nazis those Kommunisten cavities, habe ich geschwiegen;

Ich war ja kein Kommunist.

As Sie those Sozialdemokraten einsperrten, habe ich geschwiegen;

Ich war ja kein Sozialdemokrat.

As Sie those Gewerkschafter cavities, habe ich nicht protestiert;

Ich war ja kein Gewerkschafter.

As Sie those Juden Holten, habe ich nicht protestiert;

Ich war ja kein Jude.

As Sie mich holten,

Gab es keinen mehr, der protebulls konnte.

Martin NiemꞚller , 1946

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